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La Chine construit un parc photovoltaïque et éolien géant dans ses zones désertiques

15 octobre 2021 à 09:31
Par : Anne Cagan

La Chine a commencé à construire un nouveau parc solaire et éolien de 100 GW dans le désert. C'est plus que la capacité installée de l'Inde toute entière dans le domaine des énergies renouvelables. [Lire la suite]

Abonnez-vous à notre chaîne YouTube pour ne manquer aucune vidéo !

L'article La Chine construit un parc photovoltaïque et éolien géant dans ses zones désertiques est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

Avec LinkedIn, c’est le dernier gros réseau social américain qui quitte la Chine

14 octobre 2021 à 17:03
Par : Anne Cagan

Facebook, Google et Twitter étaient déjà indésirables en Chine. C'est désormais LinkedIn qui abandonne la version locale qu'il opérait là-bas. Une décision liée aux restrictions accrues auxquelles le groupe doit visiblement faire face, sur place. [Lire la suite]

Voitures, vélos, scooters... : la mobilité de demain se lit sur Vroom ! https://www.numerama.com/vroom/vroom//

L'article Avec LinkedIn, c’est le dernier gros réseau social américain qui quitte la Chine est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

La Chine s’apprête à rattraper l’Occident sur la durée des séjours habités dans l'espace

14 octobre 2021 à 12:06

Shenzhou 13

Alors que les séjours de six mois dans la Station spatiale internationale sont courants, la Chine n'a, jusqu'à présent, pas encore réussi à égaler cette durée. Mais cela va changer avec la mission Shenzhou 13. [Lire la suite]

Voitures, vélos, scooters... : la mobilité de demain se lit sur Vroom ! https://www.numerama.com/vroom/vroom//

L'article La Chine s’apprête à rattraper l’Occident sur la durée des séjours habités dans l’espace est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

Les volcans de la Lune étaient encore chauds il y a 2 milliards d’années

11 octobre 2021 à 16:21
Par : Hugo Ruher

Les échantillons lunaires ramenés sur Terre par la mission chinoise Chang'e 5 mettent en lumière un volcanisme vieux de 2 milliards d'années, ce qui révèle que notre satellite est resté actif plus longtemps que ce qui était attendu. [Lire la suite]

Abonnez-vous à notre chaîne YouTube pour ne manquer aucune vidéo !

L'article Les volcans de la Lune étaient encore chauds il y a 2 milliards d’années est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

La Chine mène la vie dure à la fondation Wikimédia à cause de Taïwan

6 octobre 2021 à 18:47

chine drapeau

Deux demandes, deux refus : la fondation Wikimédia n'a pas réussi à rejoindre l’Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), en tant que membre observateur. La Chine continue de s'y opposer, à cause de l'existence de Wikimédia Taïwan. [Lire la suite]

Voitures, vélos, scooters... : la mobilité de demain se lit sur Vroom ! https://www.numerama.com/vroom/vroom//

L'article La Chine mène la vie dure à la fondation Wikimédia à cause de Taïwan est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

1 000 jours d’activité sur la Lune : la longévité du rover Yutu 2 est impressionnante

30 septembre 2021 à 16:45

Yutu 2, le rover chinois de la mission Chang'e 4, a une longévité épatante. Il vient de passer son 1 000e jour en activité sur la face cachée de la Lune. [Lire la suite]

Abonnez-vous à notre chaîne YouTube pour ne manquer aucune vidéo !

L'article 1 000 jours d’activité sur la Lune : la longévité du rover Yutu 2 est impressionnante est apparu en premier sur Numerama.

Activer TPM et Secure Boot sur VMware pour installer Windows 11

23 septembre 2021 à 14:04

Microsoft a revu les exigences de sécurité pour installer Windows 11, vous ne pouvez finalement pas installer le système d'exploitation sur une machine virtuelle VMware Workstation en raison de l'absence de Trusted Platform Module (TPM) et du Secure Boot.
Un TPM est une puce qui offre des fonctions cryptographiques, telles que la génération et le stockage de clés de chiffrement pour activer des fonctionnalités telles que Windows Hello, BitLocker et autres.
Le Secure Boot est une technologie de micrologiciel qui protège le processus de démarrage afin que les logiciels malveillants (tels que les rootkits) ne puissent pas attaquer le système d'exploitation de confiance lors du démarrage.

Si vous prévoyez d'installer des builds Insider Preview de Windows 11 ou d'exécuter la version finale de Windows 11 sur une machine virtuelle à l'aide de VMware Workstation, l'application inclut les options TPM et Secure Boot. Puisqu'il s'agit de virtualisation, vous n'êtes pas obligé d'avoir physiquement les composants informatiques.

Dans ce guide, vous apprendrez les étapes pour activer TPM et Secure Boot sur VMware pour installer Windows 11 sur une machine virtuelle.

Activer TPM et Secure Boot sur VMware pour installer Windows 11

Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11

Dans ce premier exemple, nous modifions la configuration matérielle de la VM pour activer l'UEFI avec le Secure Boot.
Puis on chiffre la VM afin d'ajouter ensuite le support TPM.
Si vous cherchez plutôt à créer une nouvelle machine virtuelle VMware pour y installer Windows 11, suivez le second paragraphe.

  • Si la VM est en cours d'exécution ou suspendue, arrêtez la
  • Puis faites un clic droit sur la VM puis Settings
Ouvrir les paramètres de la machine virtuelle VMware
  • Cliquez sur l'onglet Options
  • Puis Access Control
  • Ensuite en haut à droite, clique sur Encrypt
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • Saisissez deux fois le mot de passe de chiffrement de la VM. Il faut le conserver et ne pas le perdre
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis le chiffrement de la VM s'opère, cela peut prendre beaucoup de temps, patientez
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis dans le menu de gauche, cliquez sur tout en bas sur Advanced
  • Puis à droite dans firmware type, cochez UEFI et Enable Secure Boot
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • Ensuite en bas à gauche, cliquez sur Add
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • En bas sélectionnez Trusted Platform Module
  • Puis cliquez sur Finish
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
  • Le module de plateforme sécurisée (TPM) est ajouté dans les composants hardware de la VM
Comment activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11
Bravo ! vous avez réussi à activer TPM et Secure Boot dans VMware pour installer Windows 11.

Créer Windows 11 VM sur VMware avec TPM et Secure Boot

Vous désirez une nouvelle machine virtuelle VMware puis installer Windows 11 ?
Alors suivez ce guide complet :

Liens

L’article Activer TPM et Secure Boot sur VMware pour installer Windows 11 est apparu en premier sur malekal.com.

Comment installer VMware Tools sur Windows et Ubuntu

23 septembre 2021 à 09:55

Les VMware Tools sont un ensemble d'outils que l'on installe sur la machine virtuelle invitée afin d'améliorer les performances.
C'est une étape obligatoire après avoir créé une machine virtuelle et avoir installer Windows, Linux ou Mac dans la VM.

Dans ce tutoriel, je vous donne toutes les étapes pour installer VMWare Tools dans Windows.
Que votre machine virtuelle VMWare soit en Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, 8 ou Windows 10 et Windows 11, la procédure est identique.

Comment installer VMware Tools sur Windows et Ubuntu

Qu'est-ce que VMWare Tools ?

Les outils VMWare sont disponibles dans VMware Workstation Player, VMware Workstation Pro, VMware ESXi et VMware Fusion.
Ils améliorent les performances de la machine virtuelle de manière significative.
Ils apportent notamment les éléments suivants :

  • Performances graphiques et fenêtres de manière significativement plus rapide et Windows Aero sur les systèmes d'exploitation qui soutiennent AERO
  • Copier et coller des textes, des graphiques et des fichiers entre la machine virtuelle et l'hôte ou le bureau client
  • Performance améliorée de la souris
  • Synchronisation de l'horloge dans la machine virtuelle avec l'horloge sur l'hôte ou le bureau client
  • Script qui aide à automatiser les opérations du système d'exploitation invité
  • Mapper automatiquement les lecteurs réseaux entre la machine invitée et l'hôte

Ainsi lorsque vous installez Windows 10, Windows 11 ou Ubuntu sur VMware, vous devez installer les VMWare Tools :

Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows

  • Démarrez la machine invitée VMWare en Windows
  • Une fois sur le bureau de Windows, cliquez :
    • VMWare Player : Menu Gérer > Installer (ou Mettre à jour) VMware Tools
    • VMWare Workstation : Menu VM > Install VMWare Tools
    • VMware ESXi par VSphere : Actions > Guest OS > Install VMware Tools
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Un DVD-Rom virtuel se monte, une notification de Windows s'affiche, cliquez dessus
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Puis la préparation de l'installation de VMware Tools s'effectue, patientez
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Cliquez sur Next sur la page de bienvenue de VMware Tools Setup
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Laissez par défaut sur Typical et cliquez sur Next
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • L'installation s'effectue, patientez
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Une fois terminé, cliquez sur Finish
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Windows
  • Enfin redémarrez le Windows invité pour terminer l'installation
Bravo ! vous avez réussi à installer les VMware Tools dans Windows.

Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu

Sur Ubuntu, l'installation des VMWare Tools n'est pas automatique.
On lance l'installation par le menu afin de monter l'ISO de VMWare Tools.
Dans ce dernier, on décompresse les fichiers VMwareTools-XX-XXX.tar.gz de puis on lance le script d'installation.

Voici la procédure détaillée :

  • Démarrez votre VM Ubuntu
  • Puis lancez l'installation des VMware Workstation :
    • VMWare Player : Menu Gérer > Installer (ou Mettre à jour) VMware Tools
    • VMWare Workstation : Menu VM > Install VMWare Tools
    • VMware ESXi par VSphere : Actions > Guest OS > Install VMware Tools
Exécutez l'installation de VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu
  • Sur Ubuntu, le DVD-Rom est disponible dans /media/<votre user>/VMware\ Tools\
  • On décompresse les VMWareTools dans /tmp avec la commande tar :
cd /tmp
tar xvfz /media/mak/VMware\ Tools\VMwareTools-10-3-23-17010940.tar.gz
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu

Notez que vous pouvez décompresser le fichier tar.gz en graphique.

Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu
  • Puis lancez le script d'installation de VMware Tools en root via sudo :
cd vmware-tools-distrib
sudo ./vmware-install.pl
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu
  • Répondez à toutes les questions en laissant les paramètres par défaut, pour cela, appuyez à chaque fois sur la touche entrée du clavier
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu
  • Puis les pilotes Xorg de VMware-Tools s'installent
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu

Pour désinstaller VMware Tools d'Ubuntu, exécutez à nouveau le script en root, cela va exécuter la désinstallation :

sudo ./vmware-install.pl
Comment installer VMWare Tools dans Ubuntu

Télécharger VMWare Tools (en ISO)

Télécharger VMWare Tools (en ISO)
  • Connectez vous avec votre compte VMware
  • Puis acceptez le contrat de licence
  • Ensuite le téléchargement des VMware Tools débute
Télécharger VMWare Tools (en ISO)
  • Vous obtenez un fichier ZIP avec les ISO qu'il faut placer dans des emplacements qui diffèrent selon la solution de virtualisation :
    • Sur VMware Workstation Pro : C:\Program Files (x86)\VMware\VMware Workstation\tools-upgraders
    • Sur ESXi : /vmimages/tools-isoimages/
    • Sur Linux : /usr/lib/vmware/isoimages/
Télécharger VMWare Tools (en ISO)
  • linux.iso – L'image pour Linux
  • windows.iso – L'image des dernières versions Windows depuis Vista
  • winPre2k.iso – L'image des anciennes versions Windows publiées avant Windows 2000
  • winPreVista.iso – L'image des versions de Windows plus anciennes de Windows Vista (Windows 2000, 2000 Server, XP, XP X64)
Télécharger VMWare Tools (en ISO)
Notez que comme il s'agit de fichier ISO, vous pouvez aussi monter directement le fichier ISO dans la VM.
Cela donne accès au DVD-Rom virtuel afin de lancer l'installation des VMware Tools.

L’article Comment installer VMware Tools sur Windows et Ubuntu est apparu en premier sur malekal.com.

Comment installer Windows 11 sur VMware avec TPM et Secure boot

23 septembre 2021 à 09:55

VMware est une solution de machine virtuelle très performante plutôt destinée aux professionnels.
Comme toute solution de virtualisation, vous pouvez installer n'importe quel OS dont Windows 11.
La création et configuration de la machine virtuelle est particulière puisqu'il faut activer TPM et le Secure boot en UEFI pour répondre aux exigences minimales de Windows 11.
Comme il s'agit d'une virtualisation, il n'est pas nécessaire que votre PC supporte physiquement TPM.
VMware se charge de créer l'environnement UEFI avec le support du module de plateforme sécurisée TPM et du démarrage sécurisé dit Secure boot.

Ce tutoriel, pas à pas, vous guide pour installer Windows 11 sur VMware Workstation.

Comment installer Windows 11 sur VMware avec TPM et Secure boot

Comment installer Windows 11 sur VMware avec TPM et Secure boot

Télécharger ISO Windows 11

Voici le lien pour télécharger gratuitement Windows 11 en lien direct :

Créer une machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMware

Tout d'abord on créé la machine virtuelle pour Windows 11 en UEFI avec le Secure boot actif.
Ce tutoriel vous guide avec chaque écrans et composants matériels à configurer pour la VM Windows 11.

  • Dans home, cliquez sur Create a New Virtual Machine
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis choisissez Custom (advanced) et cliquez sur Next
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Laissez tout par défaut avec la compatibilité de votre version VMWare et cliquez sur Next
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis dans Installer disc imagefile (iso), cliquez sur Browser afin de sélectionner le fichier ISO de Windows 11 précédemment téléchargé
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Choisissez Microsoft Windows
  • Puis en dessous Windows 10 x64
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Dans le nom de la machine virtuelle, saisissez Windows 11
  • Puis en dessous cliquez sur Browser pour choisir l'emplacement de la machine virtuelle
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Choisissez UEFI et cochez Secure Boot
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Ensuite indiquez la quantité de RAM allouée à la machine virtuelle. Un minimum de 4 Go (4096) est recommandé
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis choisissez le type de réseau entre bridged networking, NAT, Host-Only. Selon votre choix, les connexions réseaux entre les machines virtuelles ne seront pas possible. Lisez la description ou reportez-vous à ce tutoriel : vmware : différences NAT vs Bridged vs Host-Only
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis choisissez le type de contrôleur de disque entre Bus Logic, LSI Logic, LSI Logic SAS. Laissez l'option recommandée à savoir LSI Logic SAS
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Ensuite le type de disque, choisissez NVMe
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Enfin créez un nouveau disque virtuel en choisissez Create a new virtual disk
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Puis définissez la taille du disque, 60 Go est conseillé surtout si vous devez installer des applications par la suite
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Enfin indiquez l'emplacement du fichier du disque virtuel en utilisant le bouton Browse
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11
  • Le récapitulatif de la configuration matériel de la VM s'affiche. Cliquez en bas sur Customize Hardware pour supprimer ou ajouter de nouveau composant
Créer la machine virtuelle Windows 11 dans VMWare pour installer Windows 11

Activer TPM sur VMware

La machine virtuelle VMware pour Windows 11, toutefois TPM n'est pas encore actif.
Voici comment activer TPM dans VMware :

  • Ne pas démarrez la VM, si celle-ci est active, arrêter la VM
  • Faites un clic droit sur la VM puis Settings
Ouvrir les paramètres de la machine virtuelle VMware
  • Cliquez sur Options
  • Puis Access Control
  • A droite, cliquez sur Encrypt
Activer TPM sur VMware Windows 11
  • Saisissez deux fois un mot de passe pour chiffrer la VM. Ne le perdez pas. Vous pouvez le changer par la suite
  • Le chiffrement de la VM démarre, cela doit prendre quelques secondes
Activer TPM sur VMware Windows 11
  • Ensuite cliquez sur l'onglet Hardware
  • Puis en bas cliquez sur Add pour ajouter un nouveau composant matériel
  • Dans la liste, sélectionnez en bas Trusted Platform Module
  • Puis cliquez sur Finish
Activer TPM sur VMware Windows 11
  • Le module de plateforme sécurisée TPM est maintenant actif dans les composants hardware de la VM

Installer Windows 11 dans VMware en UEFI avec TPM et Secure boot

La VM est maintenant prête et configurée en UEFI avec TPM et le Secure Boot.

  • Enfin démarrez la VM qui doit proposer de booter sur le DVD-Rom de Windows 11
  • Le programme d'installation de Windows 11 s'initialise
Installer Windows 11 dans VMWare
  • Les écrans pas à pas pour installer Windows 11 sont donnés dans ce tutoriel complet :
Installer Windows 11 dans VMWare
Installer Windows 11 dans VMware en UEFI avec TPM et Secure boot
Bravo ! vous avez réussi à installer Windows 11 dans une machine virtuelle VMware.

Liens

L’article Comment installer Windows 11 sur VMware avec TPM et Secure boot est apparu en premier sur malekal.com.

La nouvelle mouture du malware ChaChi vise les systèmes Linux

14 septembre 2021 à 18:42
Par : UnderNews

Les cybermenaces continuent de se succéder. La semaine dernière, une nouvelle version du malware ChaChi conçu par le groupe à l’origine du ransomware Pysa a été détectée. Ce malware écrit en GoLang est conçu pour attaquer les hôtes Linux et peut donc servir à propager des malwares tels que les ransomwares, ou encore à exfiltrer des données.

The post La nouvelle mouture du malware ChaChi vise les systèmes Linux first appeared on UnderNews.

Installer macOS sous Linux avec un simple script

21 août 2021 à 09:00
Par : Korben

Vous êtes sous Linux, la vie est belle, mais vous aimeriez parfois lancer certaines applications macOS qui n’ont pas d’équivalent sous votre OS préféré. Ou alors vous aimeriez tout simplement tester l’OS d’Apple, car vous êtes curieux de tout ce qui se fait en informatique ?

Pas de souci, j’ai ce qu’il vous faut.

Il s’agit d’un script Python baptisé mac-on-linux qui permet très rapidement de télécharger une image officielle de macOS et de la convertir en machine virtuelle lancée avec qemu.

Pour ce faire, vous devez installer les outils suivants :

sudo apt install qemu-kvm dmg2img pulseaudio 

Faire un petit lien symbolique :

sudo ln -s /usr/bin/qemu-system-x86_64 /usr/bin/qemu

Et installer python click avec pip :

pip install -U click

Puis aller récupérer les sources du projet comme ceci :

git clone https://github.com/arindas/mac-on-linux-with-qemu.git

Lancez ensuite, le script

./run.sh

Ce script ira télécharger l’image dmg de macOS puis convertira celle-ci en .img avant de créer automatiquement un disque virtuel puis en le déployant sous qemu avant de le lancer.

Si vous rencontrez un problème lors de l’installation, supprimez le répertoire firmware/ et renommez fallback-firmware/ en firmware/. Une fois installés, ne modifiez pas les fichiers du firmware, ils seront automatiquement récupérés par le système installé.

Détection des Chevaux de Troie à l’aide du machine learning

11 août 2021 à 15:31
Par : UnderNews

Dans notre société moderne, des milliards d'appareils électroniques sont utilisés chaque jour. Une tendance accentuée par la démultiplication de l'Internet des objets (IoT).

The post Détection des Chevaux de Troie à l’aide du machine learning first appeared on UnderNews.

Cybereason pointe les acteurs de la menace chinois qui compromettent des opérateurs télécoms en Asie du Sud-Est (et ailleurs ?)

3 août 2021 à 16:13
Par : UnderNews

Alors que l’ANSSI vient de rapporter qu’une campagne de cyberattaques menée par APT31, un groupe de hackers affilié à l’État chinois, est en cours sur des entités françaises, de son côté Cybereason vient de découvrir plusieurs campagnes de cyberattaques à des fins de cyberespionnage menées par des acteurs de la menace chinois et infiltrant d’importants opérateurs télécoms en Asie du Sud-Est.

The post Cybereason pointe les acteurs de la menace chinois qui compromettent des opérateurs télécoms en Asie du Sud-Est (et ailleurs ?) first appeared on UnderNews.

Fait rare, le « Grand Firewall » chargé de censurer l’Internet chinois, a été mesuré

13 juillet 2021 à 11:43

Le « Grand Firewall », gigantesque outil de censure d'Internet du gouvernement chinois, bloque plus de 311 000 domaines. [Lire la suite]

Voitures, vélos, scooters... : la mobilité de demain se lit sur Vroom ! https://www.numerama.com/vroom/vroom//

The post Fait rare, le « Grand Firewall » chargé de censurer l’Internet chinois, a été mesuré appeared first on Cyberguerre.

How To Create A Windows 11 VM on Your Synology NAS

12 juillet 2021 à 01:10

How to Setup a Windows 11 VM on Your Synology NAS

As Many of you may have heard, Microsoft has formally announced that Windows 11 is coming and after several high-profile presentations and numerous published references online, you are now able to begin the formal process of testing this new operating system to see if it brings any impressive improvements to your existing Windows 10 machine. When it is fully released later this year, you will be able to purchase Windows 11 for your new PC build or upgrade from your existing copy of Windows and onto this new software revision. Many of us have horror stories of bench testing a new OS either in beta or alpha release form, as it can often result in our working processes and workflow to suddenly wobble and fall over. When it comes to testing an entire operating system, not just an individual application or service, it is highly recommended that instead of upgrading your existing system blind, that you choose to run this operating system as a virtual machine. Also more commonly referred to as a ‘VM’, it is a virtual equivalent of a regular PC. Although you still need a physical bare-metal computer to host this VM and software for it to live within, known as a hypervisor, a virtual machine is an incredibly small alternative to a standard computer with all of its hardware specifications merely being a fractional and digital version of the physical computer that it lives within. A virtual machine can exist as a duplicated virtual version of your physical computer or as an entirely new computer that allows you to bench test Windows updates and whole system versions like Windows 11 without putting your existing setup at risk.

Why use a Synology NAS to host a Windows 11 VM?

In the last few years, we have seen a tremendous increase in the number of people that are using a Synology NAS to host one or more virtual machines. Not only because a NAS can be remotely accessed locally via the network or anywhere in the world via the internet, but it features a dedicated virtual machine hypervisor software that allows the system to efficiently host multiple VM and allow users to simply connect via a single portal tunnel and deploy the VM for use. Additionally, NAS VM software such as Synology Virtual Machine Manager allows you to take snapshots to revert a VM to a previous version, configure hardware assets and resources on the system up/down to improve your VM/bare-metal server as needed and also allows you to duplicate virtual machines very quickly and turn one successful VM deployment into many. Therefore if you have a Synology NAS with available resources to spare, it makes a lot of sense to test out windows 11 on your NAS with its free and inclusive software.

What You Will Need to Run Windows 11 on Your Synology NAS as a VM

In order to deploy a Windows 11 virtual machine on your Synology NAS, you are going to need a few things. These include:

  • I Synology NAS, obviously. But a Synology NAS with at least a 4 core Intel or AMD 64-bit x86 processor and at least 4GB of memory
  • A Windows VM beta image. There are numerous methods online to get the windows 10 ISO image file that I will discuss in this guide, that there is also the option to get a Windows 11 licence code directly from their website as long as you have an existing and authenticated copy of Windows 10 available.
  • It is recommended that you have at least 50GB of storage available for the test and likely more if you want to give Windows 11 an extensive preview experience.
  • Ideally, a desktop or laptop computer in order to conduct the steps in setting up the VM as it is a little bit more tricky (the UI) to perform with just a mobile device like a phone or tablet.

That is about it, everything you need to deploy a Windows 11 VM on your Synology NAS will likely already be in your possession if you are reading this guide. I recommend at minimum that you should have a mass such as DS920+ or DS1621+ in order to install this VM and still have sufficient system resources to run the NAS simultaneously.

Setting Up the VM software on Your Synology NAS Drive

The first thing we need to do is set up the virtual machine manager software on your Synology NAS. If you already have Synology VMM (Synology Virtual Machine Manager) on your NAS, you can skip this step and head to the next one. Otherwise, head into the DSM GUI on the NAS and onto the app centre.

From here, scroll down and find or use the search box, for the Synology virtual machine manager tool. It should allow you to click within a single button and it may ask you to install further applications such as the replication tool and system tools, go ahead and allow these as these will help you run the virtual machine fluidly.

After the application is installed you need to open it from the available list of apps and before you can proceed with the tool you will be asked to quickly check that you have sufficient resources available on your NAS in CPU and memory, as well as the system asking if it can create a new virtual network switch configuration. Click ok and allow it to do this as it ensures that the windows 11 VM can access by the network and the internet after it is deployed. If successful, you will be greeted with the Synology virtual machine manager user interface with a list of options on the left-hand side of the screen and a few hints and tips displayed in the middle of the screen. Next, you will need to get a copy of Windows 11 beta which can arrive in numerous forms.

Setting Up the Windows 11 ISO Image

As mentioned earlier, Windows 11 is currently available from numerous sources across the internet (for example) and alongside the ability to download the digital image of the software, more commonly produced as an ISO (which can be mounted vertically or burnt to a physical DVD if you want to install Windows 11 on a physical computer instead). Alongside this, you can use your existing copy of Windows 10 to connect with the Windows beta program (shown above, by searching for ‘Windows Insider Programme‘ in the settings menu) and it will provide you with a Windows 11 licence and means with which to test Windows 11 on your existing system. There are numerous other methods online and a quick Google search will provide you with numerous download sites where you can get hold of Windows 11 beta. For this guide, I have downloaded Windows 11 beta as an ISO at 4.54GB. it downloads as a single file and this is the file that you will need to transfer over to the NAS.

Once you have downloaded your Windows 11 ISO, simply access your NAS file manager as you normally would and then drag and drop the windows 11 ISO file into a NAS directory that you have access to. Depending on your upload speed this can take from seconds to minutes, As soon as that is done, make your way back into the Synology virtual machine manager tool and continue with the installation of Windows 11 on your soon to be created brand new virtual machine.

Creating Your Synology Virtual Machine for Windows 11

Once you have made your way back into the Synology virtual machine manager application. Select the side bar option called ‘Image‘. 

At the top, you will find an option that allows you to add a new image. Select option and when prompted, select the option Synology NAS.

The list of available options on screen will be the ones that you have on your NAS and you just need to browse through the folders to find the one where you uploaded the windows 11 virtual machine ISO earlier. Click this ISO and then go-ahead to the next step.

Now head up to the top of the menu at ‘virtual machine’ and click create.

Then select the option for Microsoft Windows as the Virtual Machine Type

Then select the storage volume on your Synology NAS that you want the Windows 11 Virtual Machine to live/run-in

Next, You need to assign how much storage in GB/TB that you want the windows 11 Virtual Machine to use

Next, you need to assign the Windows 11 Virtual machine to a network. Synology Virtual Machine Creates a new virtual network when the software is installed, so you can use this or create a new one if you choose.

At this point, the virtual machine creation window will appear. You will need to assign CPU cores and Memory amounts to this VM. It is recommended that you dedicate at least 2 cores of your x86 64bit CPU and 2GB of memory, however, Windows 11 will run much, MUCH better if you can assign more hardware to this VM. Just remember that in order for the NAS to run smoothly (and there for the Virtual Machine Manager Hypervisor software to run well), you should leave sufficient CPU/Memory to the NAS.

From here you will need to connect the Windows 11 ISO/image you added earlier (should appear in a drop-down) and it is recommended that you use the Synology Windows Guest Driver ISO into the 2nd mounted drive too (as shown). You can also assign USB ports to the VM to allow you to connect devices physically to the NAS and then they will be accessible/visible to the Windows 11 VM.

Next you will need to let the Synology NAS know which users can access the Windows 11 VM. A list of the current NAS users/groups will appear and you can put a tick next to the users whose login credentials will allow access to this VM.

Then you need to confirm that the settings are correct, then you can confirm and the Synology Virtual Machine Manager will create the VM with the Windows 11 ISO/Image mounted for the first time setup.

When the Synology Virtual Machine manager displays the VM as available/powered off, you can power it on from the options at the top and connect to it in the web browser

When you connect to the VM at start up, much like a physical PC, the system will read from the mounted ISO/Image (as a normal PC would boot from the DVD drive to check from media) and you will boot straight into the Windows 11 installation screen.

If you are using the Windows 11 ISO/Image and do not have a product key, but still want to test out the Windows 11 system, you can click the option at the bottom to install without a licence.

Then just select the version of windows you want to install:

Then the area of storage you created in the VM setup on the Synology NAS will appear and you can select it to install the Windows 11 operating system on to.

From there installation will begin and it will be a relatively fast process, depending on the power of the VM resources you gave it and the speed of the storage media in your Synology NAS

After this, the VM will reboot and then go straight into the Windows 11 Setup tutorial

If you do not want to supply your Microsoft associated account details to this VM and Windows 11, you can do it without entering them by clicking the option to sign in another way

Then clicking the offline option:

Then just entering local/offline security information. However, do remember that this will limit some features of Windows 11 that require a Microsoft account.

Then you can proceed with the setup and the system will apply the settings you created:

The Windows 11 desktop will then be displayed and you can go ahead and have fun with your new VM

By default, Windows 11 will display via the web browser in a lower resolution (in case it cannot be displayed to users with older tech. But you can change this quickly by right-clicking and selecting display options

Then you can increase the resolution, which will make the screen bigger in your browser VM access too:

Additionally, if you want to access the VM OUTSIDE of the browser, the best way to do it is with the Remote Connection tool on a local PC:

And remember to keep an eye on memory and CPU use on your Synology NAS whilst the Windows 11 Virtual Machine is running

And there you have it. You now have a windows 11 VM on your Synology NAS hypervisor software:

 

If you have already installed Windows on a brand new computer before, then all of the steps necessary to install Windows are very familiar to you. Even then, you may need a refresher, so use the video below for my guide on how to set up Windows 101on a NAS after the virtual machine and ISO have been created. Although this guide is for Windows 11 on a Synology NAS, the steps for setting up a VM are are remarkably similar to other brands.

And there you have it, you can now test out Windows 11 as a virtual machine on your NAS without fear of it leading to problems on your existing Windows 10 PC. It is worth remembering that this is still a beta of Microsoft’s brand new operating system and therefore you can expect there to be a few hiccups along the way. Additionally, bear in mind that the performance of the VM will also be hinged in a big way on the hardware resources of your NAS and depending on the amount of resources you assigned to the VM ,and therefore the amount of resources you left to your NAS to run in the background will dictate how well Windows 11 will run. So do bear that in mind

 


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Quickest Way to Get Windows 11 Right Now From Scratch

30 juin 2021 à 09:02

With any new OS, especially Windows, your daily workstation you want to try the new one in a virtual machine environment before upgrading them to replace as your main daily driver. With that said, the only way right now to experience a Windows 11 preview release is by upgrading via a Windows 10 Insider Preview.

If you are on the latest Dev channel of Windows 10 Insider build, you will automatically be updated to this latest Windows 11 build.

You can go head to https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windowsinsiderpreviewiso to grab the latest Windows 10 Insider Preview. Ensure select the Dev channel, the build number at the time of this writing is 21354

Windows10_InsiderPreview_Client_x64_en-us_21354.iso

Once installed you don’t even need to login with your MS account, I was able to upgrade a local account just fine. All you need to do is keep Windows Update up to date. With any luck you should see “Windows 11 Insider Preview 10.0.22000.51” is installing.

Once that’s done you just need to hit the restart.

Note make sure your VM is running with the basic compatible virtualized hardware. I forgot to have mine setup with the proper number of CPU cores.

With any luck, you should be able to see a new login screen and hear a new boot-up sound. It’s highly recommended to enable virtual graphic acceleration. Whether you are using Virtualbox or Window’s built-in Hyper-V, any existing virtualization platform that runs Windows 10 should be able to run this and does the trick.

What you get from this version of preview as expected comes with bunch of limited functionalities. For instance, you don’t have a way to run Android apps yet, that’s coming later in future version of Windows 11 insider preview. It’s expected that by the end of this year we should see a version of Windows 11 that allows us to run that ‘smoothly’. I’m very much looking forward to that day and can’t wait to test it out.

The post Quickest Way to Get Windows 11 Right Now From Scratch appeared first on Next of Windows.

6 Things You Can Do With Your NAS Other Than Backup Storage

23 juin 2021 à 16:00

Cool Things You Can Do With Your NAS other Than Backup Storage

The main motivation for most users who purchase a new network-attached (NAS) storage device is often a means to create an alternative to Cloud services, backup several devices safely and really just to make sure that there is a mean to keep their data safe and sound, but also within reach when needed. The majority of NAS brands perform this function well and if you are looking for a NAS just to do these functions, then you will always be successful, regardless of the unit you choose. However, there is actually a huge number of things that a NAS can do and with the evolution of modern NAS hardware from brands like Synology and QNAP, most users do not even realise the cool things they can do with their system to maximize their investment or simply to have a little fun. So today I want to go through some of the best things you can do with a NAS drive that are more than just using it as a simple backup storage system. Let’s go!

Important – All of the things below that I recommend for your NAS drive are available on the majority of NAS systems from Synology, QNAP, Asustor, WD My Cloud or Terramaster. However, the extent to which they can be done and the overall performance that you will achieve will be based on the power of the NAS drive that you own and the number of simultaneous processes that you run. So if you are already using more than 90% of the existing hardware to run a large-scale simultaneous backup operation, that will not leave a vast amount of resources to run anything else. So just bear in mind that the extent to which the below fun things you can do with your NAS also depend on the hardware resources at your disposal.

Use Your NAS to Build Your Own NetFlix

Probably the most well-known thing about NAS that is popular for home users is that you can use the system to watch media over DLNA in your home. However, a lot of users do not realise the extent to which you can enjoy movies and box sets on your NAS. It’s one thing to have a big pile of files that you can access in a breadcrumb file/folder level over the network. It is another thing entirely to create a complete slick and well-designed user interface, with all of your decades of TV shows and movies displayed in a form similar to the likes of Netflix and Amazon Prime Video. However, this is exactly what you can do if you take advantage of PLEX media server or Synology Video Station. These applications allow you to index (ie scan and catalogue) your existing collections of media, then they search online databases for box art, reviews, cast lists, trailers and more, which then allows you to automatically present this information on your smart TV, tablet, console or phone in beautifully designed and intuitive software menus. Indeed, Plex Media Server and Synology Video Station are available on the majority of everyday internet-connected media devices and both of these applications are free or included in the cost of your NAS. Find out more about Plex media server on your NAS using the media you own, as well as connecting online multimedia services, in the video below.

It is also worth highlighting that your own personal Netflix on your NAS experience is not limited to just been connected to by you, as you can allow family and friends to access your NAS with this sleek and intuitive user interface anywhere on the network or remotely via the internet too.

Use Your NAS to Build Your Own Google Drive Shared Cloud

Most users think of a NAS as a giant hard drive that they connect to their devices remotely in order to back up their data. In most cases, a home user who purchased the NAS did so to move away from Cloud services like Dropbox and Google. However, some users are still blissfully unaware that you can use a NAS to host your very own version of Dropbox or Google drive for hundreds or thousands of users if you choose. Taking advantage of the file and space management services of a NAS in conjunction with online browser-based access and you can present areas of storage on your NAS to users with their very own login information, area of space that can be changed on the fly, controlled file types/sizes and the whole thing presented as an easy web browser-based cloud platform. Although this is available on the majority of NAS brands using their own software and client, Synology Drive provides this in the best way and is by far the most similar in design, ability and execution to DropBox and Google Drive. Find out more about Synology drive below:

The number of simultaneous or concurrent user that you can provide individual private cloud space to is only really limited by the NAS and the total available capacity, but even very very modest NAS systems at a few £100 can support hundreds of users at once. 

Use Your NAS to Setup a Enterprise-Grade Surveillance System at Home or Work

Most people who are even vaguely aware of modern NAS will hear the word surveillance thrown around quite a lot. They sort of know that they can have some cameras about the place that can send recordings to their NAS drive, but above and beyond that, they don’t really know much about it, don’t know how easy it is and ultimately decide not to really look into it. However in the most modern examples of network-attached storage, not only do the big brands all include surveillance software that is genuinely on par with the best and most premium grade NVR and CCTV software (Milestone and Axis Nvr), but also the cost of IP cameras that connect to your home or office network cost way, WAY less than you think. Even the compatible range of cameras that you can use that are supported arrive in the thousands of models and as long as the camera supports ONVIF, it will work. Many affordable Wi-Fi cameras and even solar-powered cameras that connect to your NAS over the network internet can be purchased for as little as £30 and once connected to the NAS surveillance software, with its remote access architecture and easy-to-use graphical user interface, you can set up a surveillance and protective security system in your home/business for very little money than you already spent on the NAS. Here is how Synology Surveillance station and QNAP’s QVR Pro software compare. Just remember that both of these programs are included with the cost of your NAS, which brings any expense on your NVR setup even lower:

The maximum number of cameras you can run at any one time, the total picture quality and the size of recordings generated will depend on the power and size of your NAS, but even affordable one day NAS solutions can be quite effective as a surveillance network video recorder.

Use Your NAS to Create a Virtual Machine for Work, Rest and Play

The use of virtual machines (VMs) used to be something that was only deployed and understood by big business. However, in 2021/2022, they are now being used to a highly productive and effective degree by even small home users as remote connecting systems. In essence, a virtual machine is a digital image of a physical computer. It needs to live within the confines of another computer, in this case a NAS, but its hardware specifications are represented as digital equivalents and this virtual version of a computer can be accessed remotely via the network or internet. Many users who purchased network-attached storage devices simply for backups will one day find out that they are using a mere fraction of the total available hardware inside their NAS. A great way to take advantage of this hardware available and put it to better use while your NAS is on 24×7 is to create a virtual machine within the NAS and then use it for business use, for personal centralised computer use or even or numerous fun tasks. These can include testing an operating system that you’ve never used before, running a legacy operating system like Windows 98 or XP in order to play old games or software, or even create light Linux VMs to deploy bespoke custom applications and retro games via emulation software like Retroarch and LaunchBox. Virtual machines are now painfully easy to deploy and all of the current modern NAS brands include their own first past the VM software. Take a look below at how Synology and QNAP compare in virtual machine support on their mass.

A particular stand out of this is QNAP with three separate virtual machine tools (Virtualization Station, Linux Station and Container Station) and within each of them, the ability to simply download numerous virtual machine images (from within the software GUI) for near-instant deployment in around 2 clicks of the mouse. Taking care of the entire setup and allowing you to just start having fun or doing business with your new virtual machine.

Use Your NAS to Farm and Plot Chia Coin Cryptocurrency

Although many people would agree that the latest change in the cryptocurrency market towards more environmentally friendly methods is a good thing, there are plenty who would argue that the Chia cryptocurrency wave that is massively affecting the storage market right now is pretty dreadful. The appeal of taking advantage of high-performance SSD and high durability hard drives in order to plot and farm potential Chia coin is constantly growing in popularity and for those users that want to jump on this potentially lucrative bandwagon, many are not even aware that they already have the hardware to do so. As long as you have a NAS that supports multiple hard drives in a RAID storage array and allow the installation of containers, then your NAS can be used in the Chia crypto processes. Executing it is by no means straightforward and although it is easier on some NAS browns than others, it still does require you to have a decent amount of available storage space and a fairly decent array of default resources in the NAS at your disposal. Nevertheless, once you overcome over the initial steeper learning curve, afterwards your NAS is largely self-governed and you don’t have to interfere with the system in the running of Chai based processes. Take a look below at how to set up your chia machine on a QNAP NAS (QNAP UK have a great video on this):

It is also worth highlighting that QNAP even has a third-party app that you can install on your system to marginally make this process even easier. It is available in the unofficial app center, but worth a look:

Use your NAS for Medical Science and Human Innovation

Sometimes users can tend to feel a little guilty that the NAS they use simply for storage and backups is left on for days, weeks or months at a time. There is of course the matter of when your electricity bill arrives, which is arguably quite a small some thanks to modern efficient design, but there is nevertheless the feeling of the environmental impact and the fact that you are leaving a system to run idle between the sporadic times that you need access to its resources. NAS drives are not alone in this (though there is arguably more wasteful resource computer hardware out there) but to combat this there are actually several more altruistic ways in which you can use your NAS to help others and maybe the betterment of society. Currently, there are several different installable apps or deployable containers that you can install and run on your NAS system that (although modest in their power consumption) will allow the idle time that your NAS is left on to be used for a better purpose. From research into deciphering genetic and DNA coding to algorithms breaking and medical research, there are numerous different charitable and positive organisations out there that are able to take advantage of the aggregated extra hardware of hundreds and thousands of different machines remotely in efforts to achieve their goals.

If the idea of donating the unused resources of your NAS for more human benefiting methods interests you, use the links below to find out more (Click Below):

 


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This description contains links to Amazon. These links will take you to some of the products mentioned in today's content. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Visit the NASCompares Deal Finder to find the best place to buy this device in your region, based on Service, Support and Reputation - Just Search for your NAS Drive in the Box Below

 

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Need Advice on Data Storage from an Expert?

We want to keep the free advice on NASCompares FREE for as long as we can. Since this service started back in Jan '18, We have helped hundreds of users every month solve their storage woes, but we can only continue to do this with your support. So please do choose to buy at Amazon US and Amazon UK on the articles when buying to provide advert revenue support or to donate/support the site below. Finally, for free advice about your setup, just leave a message in the comments below here at NASCompares.com and we will get back to you. Need Help? Where possible (and where appropriate) please provide as much information about your requirements, as then I can arrange the best answer and solution to your needs. Do not worry about your e-mail address being required, it will NOT be used in a mailing list and will NOT be used in any way other than to respond to your enquiry. [contact-form-7] Terms and Conditions Alternatively, why not ask me on the ASK NASCompares forum, by clicking the button below. This is a community hub that serves as a place that I can answer your question, chew the fat, share new release information and even get corrections posted. I will always get around to answering ALL queries, but as a one-man operation, I cannot promise speed! So by sharing your query in the ASK NASCompares section below, you can get a better range of solutions and suggestions, alongside my own.   This description contains links to Amazon. These links will take you to some of the products mentioned in today’s video. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases
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