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WSL débarque dans le Microsoft Store pour Windows 10 et Windows 11

22 novembre 2022 à 23:38

Que ce soit sur Windows 10 ou Windows 11, le composant "Windows Subsystem for Linux" est désormais disponible à partir du Microsoft Store. Il s'agit d'une annonce officielle publiée par Microsoft.

Pour rappel, Windows Subsystem for Linux, ou WSL pour les intimes, est une fonctionnalité de Windows qui permet d'utiliser différentes distributions Linux nativement. Ceci inclus également la prise en charge des applications GUI Linux.

Jusqu'ici, pour installer WSL, il fallait se rendre dans les fonctionnalités facultatives de Windows ou utiliser la commande "wsl --install" sur les versions plus récentes. Désormais, WSL est disponible en version stable au travers du Microsoft Store ce qui va simplifier encore un peu plus l'installation : "Aujourd'hui, WSL dans le Microsoft Store abandonne son étiquette "Preview" et devient globalement disponible avec notre dernière version !".

Microsoft affirme que cette version permet d'obtenir les mises à jour de WSL plus rapidement, en comparaison de la version qui est distribuée en tant que composant de Windows. Ainsi, la commande "wsl --install" installera WSL à partir du Microsoft Store à partir de maintenant. Si vous avez déjà WSL, vous devez le mettre à jour avec la commande "wsl --update" comme l'indique la firme de Redmond. Cela permettra de récupérer la dernière version via le Store.

Que ce soit sur Windows 10 ou Windows 11, WSL est disponible via le Microsoft Store. Pour bénéficier de la dernière version de WSL, vous devez utiliser un PC sous Windows 10 version 21H1, 21H2, ou 22H2, ou Windows 11 21H2 minimum, avec les dernières mises à jour de novembre 2022 installées.

D'après Microsoft, la dernière version de Windows Subsystem for Linux apporte 100 correctifs de bugs et améliorations. Au-delà de pouvoir activer systemd, les développeurs ont ajoutés des options pour faciliter le montage d'un disque VHD, ainsi que la possibilité d'exporter et d'importer plus facilement dans ce format. Il y a également la commande "wsl --import-in-place" qui permet de prendre un fichier VHDX existant et de l'enregistrer en tant que distribution.

Enfin, les utilisateurs de Windows 10 peuvent utiliser les applications GUI Linux directement depuis Windows ! Auparavant, c'était une fonction réservée à Windows 11.


L'article WSL débarque dans le Microsoft Store pour Windows 10 et Windows 11 est disponible sur IT-Connect : IT-Connect.

opinion: The Future of Windows is the meta OS for all platforms and devices

30 juin 2021 à 00:26

Microsoft announced Windows 11 last week, and the biggest news isn’t a new version of Windows. We all know that’s coming, but what’s surprising is that Microsoft will allow Android apps to run on Windows 11. They purposely saved this part of the announcement towards the end of the event. Much like Apple’s “one more thing.” The key takeaway is that Windows 11 will come with an Amazon Marketplace to download and install Android apps.

The Unknowns

Microsoft has not detailed exactly how Android apps are running in Windows 11. Only have press news referring to Intel’s Bridge technology to help Microsoft realize the ability to run Android apps with Windows 11. It should also be noted that running Android apps is not limited to Intel; AMD also supports it. It will be very interesting to find how if Windows 11 ARM supports the Android app. In theory, it should, but we have not heard any or seen any evidence of that.

What it means

Obviously, the choice of partnering with Amazon instead of Google is deliberate. Given Google created Android OS, Microsoft can run the app that bypasses the android OS platform entirely suggests they still have the ambition to pursue the mobile platform. And they see Google as their direct competitor in this market.

If Microsoft can make Android apps running seamlessly inside Windows 11, this opens the door for it to make a comeback to your phone. Imagine a distant future where your phone runs Windows, and all your apps are just there regardless if it’s a desktop or mobile device running on the palm of your hand.

We know that the Android app in Windows 11 isn’t running under some traditional emulator that runs Android. Because we have emulator apps that allow the user to run Android apps ever since the inception of Android, what Microsoft is offering here has to be something better than that, something more ‘native.’ Much like how Microsoft was able to bring Linux kernel in WSL, the same pattern can be applied with Android. The biggest challenge will be on the CPU instruction set ARM vs x86. As of today, Microsoft has announced ARM64EC new ways to build ‘native’ ARM apps.

Now combine this with all the groundwork Microsoft has laid with WSL/WSL2 with Windows 10. The future of Windows is really a meta OS where you can run any app, just not Apple’s. Windows has a Linux kernel running inside each Windows 10 if WSL is enabled. Microsoft is making improvements to its WSL platform for each release of Windows 10. Just recently, Microsoft introduced WSLg, where you can now add GUI to your Windows Subsystem for Linux.

Where does this take us from here? Microsoft definitely sees what Apple’s M1 enabled them to do with their ecosystem. The ability to run Android apps on Windows 11 is a part of the answerback. But I think this can be a trojan horse whose main goal is to deaminate the Operating System market once and for all.

The post opinion: The Future of Windows is the meta OS for all platforms and devices appeared first on Next of Windows.

WSLg is Microsoft’s Offical GUI for WSL2

29 juin 2021 à 21:04

Ever since WSL and subsequent major improvements with WSL2 in Windows 10. Running Linux apps in Windows has become a reality increasingly. If you are messing with the command line interface, most of the toolchains are now fully functional with WSL2. However, using Linux as a traditional desktop GUI out-of-the-box WSL2 experience does not allow you to have a GUI. I showed you some ways to enable WSL2 GUI with RDP last year. Now there are better and more native ways that you can run GUI apps with WSL2.

Microsoft introduced WSLg (g, stands for graphic interface) where it enables you to run GUI Linux apps straight from WSL2.

You need Windows 10 Insider Preview to build 21362+ or higher to enable and try this out. And because you want to run GUI apps, depends on the type of GUI application, you need supports from your GPU driver.

If you already have WSL2 installed all you need to do is

wsl --update

Once it’s update updating, you need to restart WSL or simply run

wsl --shutdown

This will restart the WSL service.

Depends on the distro you have installed you can try apps like

sudo apt install gedit -y

To launch gedit GUI editor as an example. Below is a full example demonstrating the power of WSLg.

Under the hood it’s running FreeRDP

Weston leverages FreeRDP to implement its backend RDP Server. FreeRDP is used to encode all communications going from the RDP Server (in Weston) to the RDP Client (mstsc on Windows) according to the RDP protocol specifications. It is also used to decode all traffic coming from the RDP Client into the RDP server.

This means if you want to RDP into WSL2 with WSLg upgrade it would be possible as well. For more details check out Microsoft’s dev blog post here.

The post WSLg is Microsoft’s Offical GUI for WSL2 appeared first on Next of Windows.