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Hier — 1 février 2023Flux principal

WD Reveal the Ultrastar DC HS760 Dual Actuator 20TB Hard Drive

31 janvier 2023 à 21:30

The WD Dual Actuator Ultrastar HS760 20TB HDD Revealed

When it comes to storing large amounts of data in a data center or even a single large-scale server rack array, having larger capacity hard drives is essential to achieve better Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). However, with many applications requiring access to frequently used warm data, traditionally more affordable but slower mechanical HDDs have begun to present a bottleneck – with many highlighting the glass-ceiling performance of traditional single actuator (the arm that reads the platters) drives starting to become the end of the road! Although WD is not the first to discuss and research into confronting this bottleneck (more on that later), the newly revealed Ultrastar DC HS760 is Western Digital’s solution to this issue, delivering high performance and high capacity for demanding data center applications, whilst maintaining the things that have made the Ultrastar series a continued popular choice in data centers worldwide. But what exactly is a dual actuator HDD? Why does that subject sound so familiar? And is this a new kind of HDD technology (alongside EAMR and MAMR) that you need to keep an eye on? Let’s discuss.

Key Hardware Highlights

Capacity: 20 TB (2x 10TB Volumes)
Interface: SAS
Recording Technology: CMR
Platter Spin Speed: 7200rpm
Platter Count: 9x 2.2TB
Form Factor: 3.5 Inch
Dimensions (L x W x H): 147.07mm x 101.6mm x 26.16mm
Workload: 550TB Annual
MTBF: 2.5Million Hours
Other Features:  OptiNAND, Healium Sealing, ArmorCache

What is Dual Actuator Technology and Why is it a Big Deal?

Dual actuator hard drives are a type of hard drive that utilizes two independent actuators to read and write data. An actuator is a device that moves the read/write heads of a hard drive in order to access data stored on the disk platters. In a dual-actuator hard drive, two independent actuators are used to move the read/write heads, allowing for faster access times and improved performance. For example, technically, a 16TB Dual Actuator equipped HDD is actually two 8TB HDDs that are inside the same HDD casing space, sealed by helium to ensure that thinner platters can be used, significantly reducing friction/drag potential.

The Prototype of the dual-actuator Western Digital Disk, which was first revealed at the March 2019 Open Compute Project Summit Event.

The two actuators are connected to separate motors, which can be independently controlled by the hard drive’s controller. This allows for more precise control over the movement of the read/write heads, resulting in faster access times and improved performance. The Ultrastar DC HS760 is a 20TB dual actuator CMR HDD that leverages Western Digital’s 2.2TB/disk density platters (as seen in their recent 20TB and 22TB releases in WD Red, WD Gold and Ultrastar). The two independent actuators that can simultaneously read or write data, providing up to twice the sequential performance. With each 10TB LUN appearing as an independent storage volume, the host application can manage file placement between the two volumes, improving access density (IOPS/TB). The benefits of a dual actuator include up to 2x sequential throughput, up to 1.7x random performance, and up to 37% more power efficiency. WD Are still yet to confirm the precise performance stats (and these percentage improvements come directly from their own product pages) but given the higher-end nature of their end-user base, the SAS interface on these drives (which might open up in future generations to SATA) and implementation of other elements of the Ultrastar DC drive series technology (eg OptiNAND), then I would not really doubt their commitment to these numbers. But, haven’t we heard about dual actuators in HDDs before?

How are the WD Dual Actuator Ultrastar DC HS760 and Seagate EXOS Mach.2 Drives Different?

We somewhat need to address the dual actuator-equipped elephant in the room! Back in 2019/2020, Seagate made quite a splash when they revealed their EXOS Mach.2 series of HDDs. These eventually rolled out commercially in 2021 in 14TB and 16TB versions, the Exos 2X14 consisted of two 7TB hard drives housed in a single hermetically sealed, helium-filled 3.5-inch chassis. It had a 7200 RPM platter speed, a 256MB multisegmented cache, and a single-port SAS 12Gb/s interface. The host system viewed the Exos 2X14 and 2X16 as two separate and independently addressable drives when connected. In full utility, it boasted 524MB/s sustained transfer rate. Originally designed to challenge the difficulty of choosing between cheap-large-slow HDDs or expensive-small-fast SSDs at the data center level. Fast forward to 2023 and we now have additional 16TB and 18TB Seagate EXOS Mach2 drives, in the 2X16 and 2X18 respectively. So what sets the Western Digital DC HS760 HDDs apart from these Seagate Mach.2 Drives?

Although both drives are designed for the enterprise market (so 55TB Workloads and 2.5M hours MTBF is quite standard and comparable with their single actuator counterparts), the WD drive also includes OptiNAND (Something we discussed HERE in our WD Red Pro 22TB Review last year). OptiNAND Technology The Ultrastar DC HS760 utilizes Western Digital’s proven OptiNAND technology, which integrates an iNAND Universal Flash Storage (UFS) Embedded Flash Drive (EFD) with traditional spinning disk media. This allows the drive to have better performance and data protection compared to traditional drives. Additionally, the WD Ultrastar DC HS760 also arrives with ArmorCache, a feature enabled by OptiNAND, which offers the best of both write cache enabled (WCE) and write cache disabled (WCD) modes. In the event of an EPO, the DRAM cache will be safely written in either mode, ensuring data protection and comparable performance across both WCE and WCD modes. Until Western Digital release further information on these new drives (official data sheets and/or live demonstrations) we will have to wait a little longer for more information on the abilities of these new high-performance SAS drives.

Are Dual Actuator HDDs Better or Worse than 10K or 15K RPM HDDs in Speed or Storage?

Dual Actuator HDDs aim to solve IOPS/TB constraints in systems that are currently using high-capacity 3.5-inch nearline HDDs, whereas 10K/15K mission-critical HDDs (such as the WD Velociraptor of the past) have much smaller capacities of around 2.4TB/900GB top capacities, respectively and are intended for servers. 10K and 15K hard drives differ from dual actuator hard drives in the way they access data on the disk platters. 10K and 15K hard drives use a single actuator to access the data on the disk platters, but do so up to twice as fast as dual actuator HDDs. However, dual actuator drives can handle more input/output operations per second, making them a good choice for demanding applications. There is the negligible benefit of Improved data integrity (i.e If one actuator fails, the other can still access the data on the disk platters, reducing the risk of data loss), but the main benefit/difference is that the dual arms allow a greater frequency of access in read and write overall. The popularity of 10K and 15K HDDs has dropped noticeably in recent years, thanks in part to the improvements NAND durability in SSD technology making them significantly more acceptable in warm/hot data archives – though they cannot hit the capacity of HDDs (NAND costs and physical PCB space), so dual Actuator HDDs are WD’s response to this growing disparity!

When will the WD Ultrastar DC HS760 HDD Be Available?

Although WD Ultrastar DC HS760 Hard Drives have been revealed, it is still very early! They have been listed on the company’s official store, but no price has been provided at this time (as well as no datasheet being made available at this time). Most likely, the first wave of units being made available will be extended to existing data centers (likely already well underway) and as this is a highly data-center class HDD, it will be surprising if this HDD is widely commercially available for a while yet! Watch this space and hopefully, we will get a chance to review this remarkably exciting HDD later in 2023 here on NASCompares.

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This description contains links to Amazon. These links will take you to some of the products mentioned in today's content. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Visit the NASCompares Deal Finder to find the best place to buy this device in your region, based on Service, Support and Reputation - Just Search for your NAS Drive in the Box Below

Need Advice on Data Storage from an Expert?

We want to keep the free advice on NASCompares FREE for as long as we can. Since this service started back in Jan '18, We have helped hundreds of users every month solve their storage woes, but we can only continue to do this with your support. So please do choose to buy at Amazon US and Amazon UK on the articles when buying to provide advert revenue support or to donate/support the site below. Finally, for free advice about your setup, just leave a message in the comments below here at NASCompares.com and we will get back to you. Need Help? Where possible (and where appropriate) please provide as much information about your requirements, as then I can arrange the best answer and solution to your needs. Do not worry about your e-mail address being required, it will NOT be used in a mailing list and will NOT be used in any way other than to respond to your enquiry. [contact-form-7]  

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    Terms and Conditions Alternatively, why not ask me on the ASK NASCompares forum, by clicking the button below. This is a community hub that serves as a place that I can answer your question, chew the fat, share new release information and even get corrections posted. I will always get around to answering ALL queries, but as a one-man operation, I cannot promise speed! So by sharing your query in the ASK NASCompares section below, you can get a better range of solutions and suggestions, alongside my own.  
À partir d’avant-hierFlux principal

Choosing the Right UPS for your Synology or QNAP NAS Drive – Get it Right FIRST TIME!

23 janvier 2023 à 18:00

An Easy Guide to Buying the Right UPS for your NAS System

The popularity of uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) has risen significantly in recent years. Not just for businesses, but for home users as well, who often have limited power setups such as houseboats, pop-up offices, and mobile homes. The value of having a safety net for your power-consuming devices is undeniable. Additionally, for those whose data is critical and whose business or personal life relies on constant access and read/write operations, a UPS can provide peace of mind. In the past, power failure solutions were only accessible to large enterprises and high-level businesses, with prices starting in the five figures. However, with the rise of network-attached storage (NAS) in homes and the increased efficiency of mass production techniques, owning a UPS device to protect data in both homes and businesses has become more affordable. However, choosing the right UPS for your NAS device, such as a QNAP or Synology, and finding one that fits within your budget can be challenging. In this guide, we will address the three commonly asked questions by users considering a UPS but unsure of which device to choose: 1) How does a UPS work and how will I benefit? 2) How do I determine the right Watts, Volts, and Amps to choose the best UPS? 3) How much will a UPS cost? We hope this guide is helpful for NAS buyers looking at brands such as Synology, QNAP, Asustor, Terramaster, and others, and also for anyone looking to choose the right UPS for other devices.

Click HERE to Skip ahead to the Recommended UPS for different NAS drives

What Are the Factors I need to consider when buying a UPS for my NAS?

Choosing the right UPS (uninterruptible power supply) for your Synology or QNAP NAS (network-attached storage) can be a complex task, as there are many factors to consider. However, by following a few key guidelines, you can ensure that your NAS is protected against power outages and other issues that could cause data loss or corruption. The first thing to consider when choosing a UPS for your NAS is the amount of power that your NAS requires. Desktop NAS devices with external PSUs typically have a power consumption of around 60-120 watts and rackmounts generally 250W and above, although this can vary depending on the specific model and the number of hard drives that are installed. It is important to choose a UPS that can provide at least this much power, as well as a bit extra to account for any other devices that may be connected to the NAS. Another important factor to consider is the runtime of the UPS. This is the amount of time that the UPS can keep your NAS running in the event of a power outage. The runtime of a UPS is typically measured in minutes, and you should choose a UPS that has a runtime that is long enough to allow you to properly shut down your NAS in the event of a power outage.

Another important feature to look for when choosing a UPS is the ability to communicate with the NAS. Some UPS’ have built-in USB or serial ports that allow them to communicate with the NAS and provide status information. This can be very useful in case of power outage, as it can allow you to monitor the status of the UPS and take appropriate action. Finally, you should also consider the size and weight of the UPS, as well as its overall design. A UPS that is smaller and lighter may be more convenient to deploy, but you should also make sure that it is well-designed and built to last. When choosing a UPS for your NAS, it is important to consider the amount of power that your NAS requires, the runtime of the UPS, the ability to communicate with the NAS, compatibility and the size and weight of the UPS. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your NAS is protected against power outages and other issues that could cause data loss or corruption.

What is a UPS and Why Should I Buy One for my NAS?

The most frequently asked question about UPS is typically “What exactly is a UPS and what does it do?” UPS stands for Uninterruptible Power Supply and many users believe that purchasing a UPS means they can run their devices and access data from their NAS, DAS, or SAN for hours after a power failure. While this is technically true, it would require a significant financial investment in the form of a 5-figure sum. In reality, most users do not require hours of protection for their read/write data operations on HDD media. Instead, what is often needed is enough time to safely shut down the server or RAID storage. This can be achieved by spending only hundreds of pounds, not thousands, as it depends on the number of devices drawing power, their specific needs, and the efficiency of the chosen UPS. For more information on UPS and how to choose one, please watch the video below.

How Does a UPS Draw Power and How Do I Connect My Devices?

This topic can be challenging for some, so we will break it down and explain it in a simple way. Before delving into technical terms like Watts, Volts, and Power, let’s use an analogy that’s easy to understand. Imagine receiving electricity to your device as drawing water from a tap.

To understand this concept, we can use an analogy of a tap and water. Just like a tap needs water and pressure to deliver it through the pipe, an electrical circuit needs electrons and voltage to deliver electricity to a device. The water represents the electrons that carry electricity from the power source to the destination device, like a NAS, DAS, or PC. The tap represents the destination device and the water/electrons are going around in a circuit back to the water/power source, which is mostly unseen in the cables.

The pressure in the analogy represents the VOLTAGE, which is the strength of the electricity being pushed by the electrons in the circuit. It’s important to measure this as some devices are designed to only accept a specific amount of voltage. If the voltage is too high or too low, the device will not function correctly.

AMPS represent the amount of electrical charge that passes a given point in a second, similar to how much water passes through the pipe per second.

So, now we need to know the WATTS of the device. This is compiled with the following equation:

 

AMPS x VOLTS = WATTS

or

Water Volume x Water Pressure = Water Power

How a UPS works with your NAS smartIf you’ve ever experienced weak water pressure in a shower while living in an apartment on a higher floor, this is likely due to the water pressure not being strong enough to deliver the water to the destination device. Similarly, a smaller battery pack is often measured in milliampere-hours (mAh), which represents the amount of charge available, rather than time. Using the analogy of water, this would be like a large drum of water. The amount of water and how fast it travels from the drum is not as important as the available water that can be carried over to the tap. The output and result is heavily affected by the AMPS and VOLTS, similar to the pressure of water and the maximum or minimum amount of water the tap can receive.

Choosing the right UPS Battery for your Home or Office

The majority of UPS devices have a similar setup. You connect one end to your main power outlet (3 Pin, 2 Pin, etc) and the UPS has multiple ports for connecting your destination devices (PC, NAS, etc). Inside the UPS chassis, there is one or more batteries that are charged from the wall plug, while your devices are powered directly from the wall and not drawing from the batteries unless there is a power failure. In the event of a power failure in your home or business, the destination devices will switch to drawing power from the batteries, giving you time to save your data and shut down your devices safely, protecting your digital storage from corruption or loss. It’s worth noting that when buying a UPS, there are many figures to consider, but the power drawn by computing equipment is typically measured in Watts or Volt-Amps(VA).

How a UPS works with your NAS diagram

BUT

The power in Watts is the real power drawn by the equipment.Volt-Amps are called the “apparent power” and are the product of the voltage applied to the equipment times the current drawn by the equipment.

Inexpensive UPS devices typically have a shorter running time because they don’t provide as much charge. Mid-range UPS devices, on the other hand, offer longer charge times, more features, and additional functionality such as network alerts, internet alerts via SMS or email, an LCD display, USB connectivity for maintenance, and the ability to automatically save or shut down certain NAS or PC machines in the event of a power failure, eliminating the need for manual intervention.

There is more to choosing the right UPS than matching the WATTS of your destination device and that of the UPS

UPS capacities are giving in VOLT-AMPS , not WATTS

Remember again,

VAULTS x AMPS = WATTS

Well, Resistance present in electrical load means that the WATTS cannot be matched Like for Like. So:

How long does a UPS lastHow do I Choose the Correct VA for the Watts on my NAS, PC and more?

You will need to consider a UPS with a VOLT-AMP 50-70% higher than the WATTS present on your destination device. Don’t forget to factor into your consumption any other devices that are drawing from the UPS, as this consumption is not per device, but TOTAL.

What is Line Interaction on a UPS?

Some UPS devices have a “Line Interactive” feature that can strengthen a weak or inconsistent power supply, particularly useful for those in remote areas where maintenance may be less frequent. When it comes to sizing a UPS, it’s important to note that equipment nameplate ratings are often in VA which can make it difficult to determine the Watt rating. To avoid oversizing the UPS, it’s recommended to configure the system such that the VA rating of the load is no greater than 60% of the UPS VA rating. This will prevent exceeding the Watt rating of the UPS. However, this approach may result in an oversized UPS and a longer run time than expected.

– Battery Packs, Listed in VOLTS and can be added to an existing UPS

– Replacement Battery Cartridges, an Internal Upgrade, RANGE specific

– Available in Desktop or Rack mount

What Are the most popular brands in the UPS Market?

There are many brands that provide UPS (uninterruptible power supply) devices in the market, but some of the most popular ones include:

  1. APC (American Power Conversion) – APC is a well-known brand that has been providing UPS devices for many years. They offer a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.
  2. Tripp Lite – Tripp Lite is another well-known brand that provides UPS devices. They offer a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.
  3. Eaton – Eaton is a well-established brand that provides UPS devices. They offer a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.
  4. CyberPower – CyberPower is a brand that provides a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.
  5. Schneider Electric – Schneider Electric is a brand that provides a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.
  6. Liebert – Liebert is a brand that provides a wide range of UPS devices, including standalone units, rack-mount units, and network-grade units. They also offer a variety of software and accessories to help manage and monitor their UPS devices.

These are just a few examples of the many brands that provide UPS devices in the market. There are many other brands available, each with their own set of features, specifications, and pricing options, so it is worth researching different options to find the one that best suits your needs.

How Do Synology, QNAP, Asustor and Terramaster NAS work with a UPS?

Almost all NAS drive brands support the use of a smart UPS, connected via USB for monitoring or via the network. That said, how each NAS system reacts to a power cut and switching to the UPS battery does differ. I recently tested the CyberPower 1500 system with a selection of 4-Bay UPS systems to see how each NAS brand’s hardware and software react. Below is the video for each brand. Just click the video, or you can open them up in a separate tab by clicking the title.

Synology NAS UPS Test

 

QNAP NAS UPS Test

 

Asustor NAS UPS Test

 

Terramaster NAS UPS Test

Recommended UPS for Different NAS Drives from Synology, QNAP, Asustor or Terramaster

Below are a number of tiered UPS systems for your individual power needs and budget. These are based on the Watts you need to cover and based on a single NAS  of different size each. This, of course, is just the tip of the iceberg and for more precise advice based on a whole office or server room of hardware, we recommend getting in touch with us directly using the Free Advice section (no commitment and the advice is totally impartial) so we can save you money as well as provide you with a solution that will help you sleep at night! All solutions that I recommend below have to arrive with at least 2 Years of Manufacturers’ Warranty, 2 Years of Battery Warranty/Replacement Coverage, USB and/or Network Support, NAS compatibility, provides at least 10-20mins of continued client operation in a power-cut, support of line interaction and AT LEAST 6x mains power points for devices

Budget/Basic UPS (No Frills!) for Value and/or ARM-Based NAS

For much more modest Synology or QNAP NAS setups, as well as factoring in additional home/office equipment I would recommend the following UPS Device.

  • 1-4 HDD NAS Drive with 90-120w PSU
  • 1x Desktop PC with 250W PSU and Laptops/tablets
  • 1x Router 30W internal PSU
  • + Misc Other Office Equipment (50W avg)
  • Floor or Tower Versions
  • No LCD available

Option – The Amazon Basics UPS, Available in different versions that cover 400VA to 1500VA,  6-8 Ports – Starts at $49

Find it on Amazon HERE


 

Best UPS for a 1-2-Bay NAS Drive for Home or Home Office Use

For much more modest Synology or QNAP NAS setups, as well as factoring in additional home/office equipment I would recommend the following UPS Device.

  • 1-2 HDD NAS Drive with 60-90w PSU
  • 1x Desktop PC with 250W PSU
  • 1x Router 30W internal PSU
  • + Misc Other Office Equipment (50W avg)

Option – The APC BE600M1 , Available in different versions that cover 550VA to 850VA, 7 Ports – Starts at $99

Find it on Amazon HERE


 

Best UPS for a 1-2-Bay NAS Drive for Business

For much more modest Synology or QNAP NAS setups, as well as factoring in additional home/office equipment I would recommend the following UPS Device.

  • 1-2 HDD NAS Drive with 60-90w PSU
  • 1x Desktop PC with 250W PSU
  • 1x Router 30W internal PSU
  • + Misc Other Office Equipment (50W avg)

Option – The APC BE650G2, Available in different versions that cover 185W to 520W, 8 Ports – Starts at $169

Find it on Amazon HERE


 

Best UPS for a 4-8-Bay NAS Drive for Prosumers

For much more modest Synology or QNAP NAS setups, as well as factoring in additional home/office equipment I would recommend the following UPS Device.

  • 4-8 HDD NAS Drive with 100-250W PSU
  • 2x Desktop PC with 250W PSU
  • 1x Router 30W internal PSU + Switch with 25W PSU
  • + Misc Other Office Equipment (100W avg)
  • Battery/Coverage Insurance ($500,000 Connected Equipment Guarantee)
  • Tower Style

Option – The CyberPower CP1500PFCLCD PFC Sinewave UPS System, Available in different versions that cover 850-1500VA (1000W), 10-12 Ports – Starts at $389

Find it on Amazon HERE


 

Best UPS for an 8-12-Bay NAS Drive for Medium Large Business and Video/Photo Editors

For much more modest Synology or QNAP NAS setups, as well as factoring in additional home/office equipment I would recommend the following UPS Device.

  • 8-12 HDD NAS Drive with 250-350W PSU
  • Rackmount entry point (factor in dual/Redundant PSUs)
  • 3x Desktop PC with 250W PSU
  • 1x Router 30W internal PSU + 10GbE Switch with 90W PSU
  • + Misc Other Office Equipment (400W avg)
  • Rackmount Style (Desktop alternatives available, but cap at 2000VA)

Option – The Tripp Lite SU3000RTXL3U Sinewave UPS System, Available in different versions that cover 750-3000VA (2400W), 7-9 Ports – Starts at $799

Find it on Amazon HERE


How Long do UPS Batteries Last?

The lifespan of a UPS (uninterruptible power supply) battery can vary depending on several factors, including the type of battery, the quality of the battery, the usage, and the environment in which the UPS is used. However, on average, a UPS battery should last between 3-5 years with proper usage and maintenance. Lead-acid batteries, which are commonly used in UPS systems, have a typical lifespan of 3-5 years. However, this lifespan can be shortened or extended depending on the usage and maintenance of the battery. For example, if the battery is frequently discharged to a low level, this can shorten its lifespan, whereas proper charging and maintenance can prolong it.

It’s important to note that the lifespan of UPS batteries can also be affected by environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and the amount of use. High temperatures and humidity can shorten the battery life, while keeping the UPS in a cool and dry environment can extend it. It’s also worth noting that most of the UPS batteries have an end-of-life indicator, which will alert you when the battery is no longer performing as well as it should. This will give you an idea of when the battery needs to be replaced.

In conclusion, the lifespan of a UPS battery can vary depending on several factors, including the type of battery, the quality of the battery, the usage, and the environment in which the UPS is used. On average, a UPS battery should last between 3-5 years with proper usage and maintenance. Keeping an eye on the end-of-life indicator and maintaining the battery in a cool and dry environment can help to extend the battery’s lifespan.

 

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This description contains links to Amazon. These links will take you to some of the products mentioned in today's content. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Visit the NASCompares Deal Finder to find the best place to buy this device in your region, based on Service, Support and Reputation - Just Search for your NAS Drive in the Box Below

Need Advice on Data Storage from an Expert?

We want to keep the free advice on NASCompares FREE for as long as we can. Since this service started back in Jan '18, We have helped hundreds of users every month solve their storage woes, but we can only continue to do this with your support. So please do choose to buy at Amazon US and Amazon UK on the articles when buying to provide advert revenue support or to donate/support the site below. Finally, for free advice about your setup, just leave a message in the comments below here at NASCompares.com and we will get back to you. Need Help? Where possible (and where appropriate) please provide as much information about your requirements, as then I can arrange the best answer and solution to your needs. Do not worry about your e-mail address being required, it will NOT be used in a mailing list and will NOT be used in any way other than to respond to your enquiry. [contact-form-7]  

Support What We Do


support what we do
    Terms and Conditions Alternatively, why not ask me on the ASK NASCompares forum, by clicking the button below. This is a community hub that serves as a place that I can answer your question, chew the fat, share new release information and even get corrections posted. I will always get around to answering ALL queries, but as a one-man operation, I cannot promise speed! So by sharing your query in the ASK NASCompares section below, you can get a better range of solutions and suggestions, alongside my own.  

 

How Much Does it Cost to Run a NAS? QNAP TS-464 and 22TB WD Red Pro Test

9 décembre 2022 à 18:00

How Much Does it Cost to Run a NAS 24×7?

If you are looking at buying a HIGH CAPACITY but COMPACT NAS drive in 2022/2023, then you will likely also be wondering just about much power it is going to use. The growing cost of electricity and how much you ned to factor this into your budget is quite a valid concern. Due to any one of about a hundred different global factors (local conflict, slow renewable energy uptake, monopolizing energy companies with powerful lobbying – take your pick!) most of us in 2022/2023 have seen increases in energy costs. In this energy-aware climate, it can be appreciated that a NAS drive (a 24×7 appliance) seemingly has its cost to the end user in terms of electricity as something of a vague number. With so many kinds of NAS available in the market, featuring a mix of CPUs, PSUs, Bays and utilities, PLUS the wide range of HDD/SSD drives in the market to choose from – there are just so many variables when trying to work out how much power your NAS drive is using and how much that is translating to in your monthly energy bill! So, today’s article is about working out how much electricity the new 2022/2023 generation QNAP TS-464 NAS and four (current maximum capacity in the NAS HDD world) WD Red Pro 22TB HDDs will consume, as well as how much that equals to you in £, $ or € per day, month and year! We tested the popular 2020 generation desktop 4-Bay NAS system previously HERE, so this will be a notably more power-hungry setup by comparison. In order to keep an eye on usage, I connected them to an energy monitor and worked out how much power they used in full active use and in idle. Let’s begin.

The QNAP TS-464 NAS
Current Price/Availability on Amazon –$689+
The WD Red Pro 22TB HDD (x4)
Current Price/Availability on Amazon –$699
Intel N5105 CPU, 4-Core 2.0-2.9Ghz Celeron CPU
4GB 3200Mhz non-ECC Memory, 2.5GbE
22 Terabyte Capacity – SATA 3.5″ Form Factor
7200RPM – 512MB Cache – 10x 2.2TB Platters

NAS Power Use Test Setup

Choosing the appropriate NAS drive for these tests was always going to be tough. I DO intend on repeating these tests with several different NAS drives after this in some follow-up articles (the larger article that I will be adding to can be found HERE), but wanted this test to be focused on one of the newest releases for home users by QNAP (and the TS-464 is their latest prosumer devices and already quite popular). This NAS has been paired with the WD Red Pro 22TB HDD, which are the biggest drives that WD has ever introduced into their WD Red Pro series of NAS media. The aim here is to identify the difference between using newer gen CPUs and Larger drives vs using older-generation devices and smaller-capacity media. This will involve 2x tests on each NAS+Media configuration. Here is a breakdown of the hardware configurations and test architectures:

  • QNAP TS-464 NAS, Default Celeron+4GB Memory Setup over 1/2.5GbE
  • 4x WD Red Pro WD221KFGX 22TB (QNAP Test in RAID 5
  • During ‘ACTIVE’ 24hr Tests, the NAS was prevented from going into standby/idle. 1 VM running, 1-Core and 1GB Memory, 2x IP Cameras recording non-stop, drive S.M.A.R.T tests scheduled to be hourly
  • During IDLE 24hr Tests, the VM was deleted, VM and Surveillance Software disabled, ALL S.M.A.R.T tests disabled and network cable (1GbE network, 2.5GbE Port) disconnected.
  • The first day of operation (which includes initialization and RAID creation) not counted (but visible at the start of the graph).
  • Power was monitored with a GOSUND SMART KIT Smart Plug, Mini 13A – Find HERE

The initial 24 hours (used for system initialization and RAID configuration) were NOT included in the power usage monitoring, as although they appear on the graph they are one-off single-event scenarios. Each test (Active vs Idle) was conducted for 24hrs and the overall electricity usage was displayed in kw (kilowatt). But what is the difference between Active and Idle activity? Why does it matter?

What is the Difference Between a NAS Drive ‘Active’ and in ‘IDLE / Standby’?

Although a NAS is designed to be in operation 24×7 and is consuming electricity when running, the actual reality of this and the extent to which it is consuming it is actually alot more nuanced. Most home users who have a NAS system will use the NAS directly for a significant;y smaller portion of time per day than it is actually powered on for. Perhaps to stream a movie or a couple of TV episodes, run a daily backup, have a couple of cameras in/outside their home that are sending recordings (or more likely just alerts and associated captures) to the NAS and that is about it. They will periodically do more than these, maybe a VM, more sophisticated backup or use some of the other services ad hoc, but the result is that in most domestic/bog standard home scenarios, a NAS will be switched internally to Idle/Standby after no pro-active use quite quickly and spend 80-90% of the time in low power modes. Business users might well be using the system 24×7 for sync’d tasks and on-going camera recording, but even then, this will be a lower %  of system resources in use. So, in order to find a comparable and relative means to study the electricity use of a NAS and it’s cost, I have conducted two tests per NAS+HDD configuration. The first, a 24 Hour Active test, with the system using a decent % of it’s CPU+Memory, a swell as the HDDs not being given the chance to switch to Idle/Standy (by constantly writing AND performing S.M.A.R.T tests hourly). The idle tests involve all of those apps, services and scheduled operations being cancelled and the network cable being disconnected from the NAS (for another 24hrs). From here we can work out the cost of an hour of power usage by either setup in high activity and near-zero activity. But how can we work out the COST of the electricity used by the NAS in that time period?

How Energy Costs in these NAS Tests were Calculated?

The results of the energy usage are then cross-referenced by ‘sust-it.net’ and calculations of the cost of the used electricity per day, month and year was calculated for the UK, U.S, Germany, Australia and Canada. Now, using a select energy tariff is much harder, as there are quite literally thousands of different energy providers globally, each with their own pricing on the cost of energy per ‘kWh’. So, I used the national average calculations that were provided by ‘sust-it’ for each of those areas. Some are clearly more up-to-date than others (i.e the United Kingdom Avg Energy cost tariff is dated October 2022, whereas the Canada’s average energy cost is from way back in March 2020), however, these will still provide a good basis for understanding what a NAS drive is going to cost you in electricity when it is in operation. The national tariff averages used in this article for each region are as follows:

UK: Energy Price (October 2022) electricity rate of 34.00 pence per kWh.

USA: Average (Feb 2022) electricity rate of 14.80 cents per kWh.

Germany: Average (June 2021) electricity rate of 31.93 Eurocents per kWh.

Australia: Average (March 2022) electricity rate of 23.59 cents per kWh.

Canada: Average (2020) electricity rate of 8.50 cents per kWh.

Source – https://www.sust-it.net

There are the rates that we will be using to calculate the running costs of the QNAP NAS system (and more importantly its WD Drive setup and CPU usage).

Test #1 – QNAP TS-464 NAS and 4X 22TB WD Red Drives

I set the QNAP TS-464 NAS and WD Red 22TB Hard drives up in the following configuration for the Active tests:

  • QNAP TS-464 NAS PSU = 100W External PSU, Intel Celeron N5105 Quad Core 2.0-2.9Ghz, 4GB DDR4 3200Mhz Memory
  • WD Red Pro 22TB HDD, RAID 5
  • QVR Pro 9 and 2x Reolink Dome IP Cameras (24hrs Active)
  • QNAP Virtualization Station, 1x Windows VM, 1 Core, 1GB Memory (24hrs Active)
  • QNAP Storage Manager (QTS 5.1) and S.M.A.R.T Tests per Hour (24hr Active)
  • Reported Average power requirements of a WD Red Pro 22TB (Single):
    • Read/Write: 6.8
    • Idle: 3.4
    • Standby Sleep: 1.2

The initialization and RAID creation on the QNAP + WD Red Pro 22TB RAID setup took longer than the previous test and also resulted in a higher power consumption (with RAID ReSync set to High Priority) ending in 0.73kW (versus the 0.42 during the more modest Synology/WD Red Plus setup). Indeed, this continued into the 24hr active period, with this setup ending at 1.28kW use during high active use and 0.59kW during the 24hrs idle period.

The difference that a more powerful/capable CPU and the more than 5x Capacity of those WD Red Pro drives did to the power consumption is pretty clear and certain. Let’s see how those results translated into your potential energy bills.

QNAP TS-464 NAS and WD Red Pro 22TB HDD Test Results:

1.28KW divided by 24 (hours) = 0.0533kW use per Hour

24hr Active Use (1.28KW) UK Power Use U.S Power Use Germany Power Use Australia Canada
Cost Per Day £0.4349 $0.1893 €0.4084 AU$0.3018 CA$0.1087
Cost per Month £13.22 $5.75 €12.42 AU$9.17 CA$3.30
Cost Per Year £158.73 $69.09 €149.06 AU$110.15 CA$39.67

0.59KW divided by 24 (hours) = 0.0245kW use per Hour

24hr Idle Use (0.59KW) UK Power Use U.S Power Use Germany Power Use Australia Canada
Cost Per Day £0.1999 $0.087 €0.1877 AU$0.1387 CA$0.05
Cost per Month £6.08 $2.64 €5.70 AU$4.21 CA$1.52
Cost Per Year £72.96 $31.75 €68.51 AU$50.62 CA$18.25

So, what about if you were to only use the NAS at active use for around 25% of the day (i.e 6hrs of active with backups, multimedia, etc) and 75% of the day as idle (i.e 18hrs unused):

25%/75% Active/Idle Use:

6hr Active Use / 18hr Idle UK Power Use U.S Power Use Germany Power Use Australia Canada
Cost Per Day £0.2586 $0.1125 €0.2428 AU$0.1794 CA$0.0646
Cost per Month £7.8665 $3.4233 €7.387 AU$5.457 CA$1.964
Cost Per Year £94.39 $41.08 €88.64 AU$65.49 CA$23.57

With the 25 % Active and 75% Idle ratio, the pricing on this high-capacity solution does seem alot more palatable. Still, there is no denying that in order to enjoy more modern large-capacity media, there can be a hidden cost as this technology becomes more industrious. Stay tuned, check below to see if other NAS power tests have been published and recommended to you, or watch the video version of these tests (which goes into more detail on the current predicaments in the energy crisis facing many of us in 2022, 2023 and beyond.

 

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WD Red Family for NAS – A Decade in Data

29 novembre 2022 à 18:00

WD Red turns 10!

It is hard to believe that it has been 10-years since Western Digital introduced its Network Attached Storage-focused range of drives, WD Red. In that time, we have seen the technology behind NAS evolve rapidly, in form factor, capacity and performance year-over-year – and throughout all that time, WD Red has been there, evolving every step of the way.

Having the right tool for the job has always been key to any IT professional. Although the NAS industry has existed in some form for the better part of three decades, many people used traditional hard drives that were not specifically designed for 24×7 server use. Regular desktop hard drives were designed with single-use deployment in mind, like a PC. Applications and files were not as data-rich then. In 2012, the WD Red NAS HDD series arrived. These were a different kind of drive, a drive that was designed for the rigours of NAS use, fast read and write speeds to keep things efficient, alongside higher workloads and use in multi-drive, always-on environments.

NAS Storage Evolution

Over the following years, the use of drives for RAID was became increasingly popular and data demands increased drastically. In parallel, we saw the launch of new form factors, from 2.5″ HDDs to SATA and NVMe SSDs, major capacity increases across the WD Red family and the addition of WD Red Pro and WD Red Plus drives. WD Red Pro and WD Red Plus HDDs are optimized for high reliability and support always-on workloads with solutions for families, home offices, and small to medium business IT hubs. These drives are engineered with CMR recording technology to handle high-intensity workloads in 24×7 environments and include NASware 3.0 technology. A key feature of WD Red has always been NASware and NASware 3.0 in WD Red Pro and WD Red Plus enables seamless integration, robust data protection and optimal performance for NAS systems operating under heavy demand.

Together with the multi-axis shock sensor that automatically detects subtle shock events and dynamic fly height technology, the built-in technology features enable the system to increase compatibility, upgradeability, as well as reliability and adjust each read-write function to compensate and protect data. In addition to new form factors, ranges and the evolution of NASware, key technology breakthroughs have shaped the WD Red family that we see today. The introduction of HelioSeal® Technology in the WD Red range was a significant milestone. Helium reduces flow effects during the disk rotation, so thinner and thus more disks can fit in the housing. This enabled WD Red family HDDs to be offered in the higher capacities that we expect today.

Responding to Future Data Demands

As we look to the future, many small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) will likely look to transform their organizational structure into remote/virtual organizations to face current market conditions and challenges. These models are driving the acceleration of technology innovation to enable workers to access key resources across different locations, time zones, and devices. Therefore, work from anywhere, remote access, connectivity, scalability, and throughput are defining the new normal workplace. This makes a robust NAS infrastructure with a wide range of options a necessity. Following the addition of the WD Red SA500 SSD to the range and subsequent release of the WD Red SN700 NVMe SSDs, Western Digital most recently turned its focus back to increasing HDD capacity. While helium had enabled the jump to 18TB, its OptiNAND technology is the key to the 20TB and 22TB drives available today. OptiNAND technology optimizes and integrates HDD with iNAND® embedded flash drives which helped provided solutions by delivering additional capacity, performance, and reliability. Western Digital is in a unique position to be able to leverage its in-house manufacturing capabilities with both flash and HDDs to extend the areal density curve of ePMR. Cleverly, ePMR takes the approach of adding more bits per inch (BPI) on the hard drive platter by applying an electrical current to the main pole of the write head throughout the write operation.

The Benefits of OptiNAND and ePMR

This current enables more consistent, and faster switching of the write head, thus reducing timing jitter. Higher BPI is achieved when individual bits of data can be written closer together, which leads to higher areal density. Couple ePMR together with the implementation of OptiNAND and triple stage actuators and Western Digital has been able to achieve 2.2TB per platter. In addition, OptiNAND also plays a key role in achieving higher areal density and optimizing internal algorithms, which also leads to performance benefits. OptiNAND integrates an iNAND Universal Flash Storage (UFS) Embedded Flash Drive (EFD) with traditional spinning disk media and incorporates innovative changes to the firmware algorithm and system-on-a-chip (SOC). OptiNAND has broken through the conventional boundaries of storage which have only added to Western Digital’s legacy of industry-first technologies such as the aforementioned HelioSeal and triple-stage actuators.

Advances in the technology led to the world’s first 20TB and 22TB CMR NAS hard drives for general sale, with the WD Red Pro series. The WD Red Pro HDDs with industry-leading capacities are supported by many NAS systems and offer all the benefits of increased capacity. When used in larger RAID configurations, it also makes the path to petabyte storage for NAS systems much easier to achieve than ever before. The next few years should be just as exciting in the development of NAS offerings as data storage requirements continue to increase exponentially

 

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Need Advice on Data Storage from an Expert?

We want to keep the free advice on NASCompares FREE for as long as we can. Since this service started back in Jan '18, We have helped hundreds of users every month solve their storage woes, but we can only continue to do this with your support. So please do choose to buy at Amazon US and Amazon UK on the articles when buying to provide advert revenue support or to donate/support the site below. Finally, for free advice about your setup, just leave a message in the comments below here at NASCompares.com and we will get back to you. Need Help? Where possible (and where appropriate) please provide as much information about your requirements, as then I can arrange the best answer and solution to your needs. Do not worry about your e-mail address being required, it will NOT be used in a mailing list and will NOT be used in any way other than to respond to your enquiry. [contact-form-7]  

Support What We Do


support what we do
    Terms and Conditions Alternatively, why not ask me on the ASK NASCompares forum, by clicking the button below. This is a community hub that serves as a place that I can answer your question, chew the fat, share new release information and even get corrections posted. I will always get around to answering ALL queries, but as a one-man operation, I cannot promise speed! So by sharing your query in the ASK NASCompares section below, you can get a better range of solutions and suggestions, alongside my own.  

Black Friday 2022 NAS and Data Storage Deals – Synology, QNAP, Terramaster, Asustor, WD and Seagate

20 novembre 2022 à 19:33

Data Storage Deals to Look Out for on Black Friday 2022

Black Friday 2022 has begun! Remember when this was just a single day event? In recent years, in efforts to remain competitive and to capitalize on the global sales event, many e-tailers have switched to launching their Black Friday events to run the entire week (with arguably, the juiciest offers kicking off on the day itself, Friday 25th November) and NAS brands such as Synology and QNAP are just as keen to jump on board too. Data Storage and Networking Devices are among two of the biggest growth areas of technology we have observed in the last five years, thanks to a growing dependence of home and business users to work/live on internet based services and created hundreds of megabytes of data (and stretching into gigabytes for business) per day. The days of getting by with a drawer full of USB sticks and your free hand full of Google Drive Gigabytes are long gone (when you phone takes 4K photos at 10-15MB a pop) and ALOT of users have been holding out till Black Friday 2022 to either finally take the plunge on their first bit of premium storage tech or upgrade their existing setup. Throughout Black Friday itself, I will be keeping an eye on deals that appear over Black Friday 2022 that I would personally, GENUINELY buy – and I will be publishing a few videos to share them. However, there are already a number of rather attractive NAS deals floating around on the 2020, 2021 and even 2022 generation of storage from the big NAS brands and so I have made this article that details the NAS systems that will be on sale over Black Friday, alongside a list of retailers to check. I have also included price history on each of the devices to help you know when a deal really IS a deal. Let’s take a look at the best deals to watch this week of Black Friday 2022.

BEST Synology Black Friday 2022 Deal – Synology DS920+ NAS

Popular for 2.5 years since it’s initial launch in Summer 2022,the Synology DS920+ NAS has been refreshed recently with the launch of the new DS923+ NAS and for many, the DS920+ is still the superior NAS drive for Multimedia. The Synology DS920+ is regularly on sale at both Black Friday and Amazon Prime Day – and I Definitely see it appearing on sale in a huge number of locations globally, as the brand ushers out the older 2020 generation in favour of hte newer 2022/2023 Diskstation NAS. Indeed, it has seen a huge number of price changes in the last 18months:

With a fantastically compact and low noise chassis, the DS920+ is still a fantastic NAS. Also, the DS920+ will also arrive with the latest version of Synology DSM 7.1, the fully featured NAS software that is included with all Synology NAS. This is almost certainly be THE DEAL of Black Friday 2022 TO WATCH!

Synology DS920+ NAS

CPU: Intel J4125 4-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 4-8GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: 2x m.2 NVMe, Caching Only
Network Ports: 2x 1GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 1 x2
KVM: No
Network Upgrade: No
Synology DS920+ is an ideal network-attached storage solution to streamline data management and productivity. Two built-in M.2 SSD slots and Synology SSD Cache technology allow you to boost system I/O and application performance. Scalable storage design lets you start small and expand storage capacity with Synology DX517 as your data grows.
Links

BEST QNAP Black Friday 2022 Deal – QNAP TS-464 NAS

When QNAP launched their 2022 generation of hardware, the unit that REALLY stood out from the pack was the TS-464 NAS. This system pretty much delivered EVERYTHING that NAS buyers have been asking/demanding for at this price point for the last 6-7 years. The most powerful and capable Intel celeron featuring in NAS yet, DDR4 memory upto 16GB. M.2 NVMe SSD  says for caching OR storage, 4K HDMI, two 2.5GbE bays, 10Gb/s USB ports AND a PCIe slot to improve the system’s network ports and/or storage even more! The TS-464 was such a beast that when launched, it IMMEDIATELY SOLD OUT EVERYWHERE!!! It took the better part of 4-5 months after release (April/May 2022) of the TS-464 to start seeing stock availability become a little more stable. Fast forward to now on Black Friday 2022 and the TS-464 is now much more available AND it has started seeing it’s price point drop.

Now, although the price change can be attributed a little to the amount of time that the TS-464 has been available to buy, it has also been caused by the release of QNAP’s big rival ‘Synology’ releasing their DS923+ NAS 4-Bay. I can definitely see the QNAP TS-464 NAS appearing on a few limited sales over the Black Friday period, though do not expect the stock to be especially high – so be quick on this one!

QNAP TS-464 NAS

CPU: Intel N5105 4-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 4-16GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: 2x m.2 NVMe, Caching and Storage Pools
Network Ports: 2x 2.5GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 2 x3
KVM: Yes
Network Upgrade: Yes
Powered by an Intel® Celeron® N5095, quad-core processor (burst up to 2.9GHz), the TS-464 features two 2.5GbE RJ45 ports and Port Trunking for up to 5Gbps combined bandwidth. With M.2 PCIe Gen3 and PCIe Gen 3 slots, the TS-464 provides flexibility in extending NAS functionality, allowing you to install a QM2 card for M.2 SSD caching, or Edge TPU for AI image recognition and various 10GbE/5GbE network cards. The TS-464 comes with 4 GB RAM for running light VMs and Containers, and supports multi-cloud backup, cloud storage gateways, 4K HDMI output and real-time transcoding, alongside expandable storage capacity and feature-rich apps to perform as a cost-efficient, reliable 2.5GbE NAS.
Links

BEST Asustor Black Friday 2022 Deal – Lockerstor 4 Gen 2 NAS

Unlike higher profile brands such as Synology and QNAP, Asustor has always played the long game when it comes to their hardware. Unlike other brands that in 2022 released complete new refreshes of their systems, Asustor too the decision to upgrade their existing Lockerstor system to a Gen 2 version and…well…pretty much upgrade EVERYTHING! The Lockerstor 4 Gen 2 (also known as the AS6704T) arrives with the same high end Intel Celeron N5105 CPU as the QNAP TS-464, but then doubles down by providing 2933Mhz memory (4GB that can be upgrade to 16GB) and a massively surprising FOUR M.2 NVMe SSD bays (caching or pools, your pick). The system then ups the game with 10G USB and HDMI 2.0b (the only NAS in the market to feature this). Hell, the Lockerstor Gen 2 4-Bay can also swap the M.2 NVMe SSD bays out for a 10GbE card and/or a (coming soon) combination M.2 NVMe SSD + 10GbE upgrade card! The lockerstor Gen 2 series was already a huge bargain and Black Friday 2022 only makes this point louder!

Alongside all this, it is worth highlighting that we are seeing the Lockerstor Gen 1 (in 2 and 4-bay) also see a noticeable price drop in a number of locations. Ultimately, when it comes to NAS hardware, the AS6704T is near unbeatable at teh value for money and it also arrives with ADM Software and services included. Basically – a BARGAIN!

Asustor AS6704T NAS

CPU: Intel N5105 4-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 4-16GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: 4x m.2 NVMe, Caching and Storage Pools
Network Ports: 2x 2.5GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 2 x2
KVM: Yes
Network Upgrade: Yes
  • Quad-Core 10 nm Intel Celeron N5105 CPU – 31% more performance over Gemini Lake
  • Superfast 2.5-Gigabit Ethernet ports
  • Flexible PCIe slot for 10GbE NICs or M.2 SSDs
  • Supports PCIe 3.0 SSDs for up to twice the performance of PCIe 2.0.
  • Uses DDR4-2933 with 40% more performance
  • USB 3.2 Gen2 ports – 10Gbps speed
  • Enjoy, download, upload and stream content with 4K transcoding
  • Increased ventilation for SSDs
  • Supports Wake on LAN and Wake on WAN
Links

 

BEST Terramaster Black Friday 2022 Deal – F4-423 NAS

Terramaster is a brand that we regularly see on offer during the Black Friday period over on amazon. However, we are only now starting to see their latest FX-423 2022 generation of devices start to see any meaningful discount. The F4-423 already arrived at a more affordable price point that the 2020 released DS920+, whilst also having the same hardware as the Lockerstor 4 Gen 2 and QNAP TS-464 for the most part. The F4-423 arrives with the Intel N5105, 4-16GB of DDR4 Memory, 2.5GbE and USB 3.2 Gen 2, yet is almost $100-130 cheaper than it’s competitors!!!

Further to this, the Terramaster F4-423 has recently been updated to TOS 5, the brand’s NAS software. This has seen numerous improvements in it’s GUI, responsiveness and default security. It also now includes a surveillance application, AI powered photo recognition tool, several new backup and synchronization tools and improvements to the file systems and services. The learning curve on a terramaster NAS is a little steeper tha some of the other brands, but the F4-423 is still a fantastic choice to consider this Black Friday 2022.

Terramaster F4-423 NAS

CPU: Intel N5105 4-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 4-16GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: 2x m.2 NVMe, Caching and Storage Pools
Network Ports: 2x 2.5GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 2 x2
KVM: No
Network Upgrade: No
The 4-Bay F4-423 is suitable for SMB users who need high-performance storage solutions. High performance means that users can easily handle high-load workflows, while multiple business-level backup solutions guarantee data safety and safeguard against the risk of data loss. This is a high-performance storage solution that provides a virtual storage and database service for SMB users. It uses an Intel Celeron N5105/5095 quad-core processor with 2.0 GHz and a maximum turbo of 2.9 GHz. It is integrated with a GPU graphics card and AES NI hardware encryption. In addition, it is equipped with two 2.5 GbE interfaces and a 4 GB DDR4 dual-channel memory (expandable up to 32 GB). Moreover, this storage solution is internally installed with 2 M.2 NVMe slots, which accelerate SSD caching and double the storage efficiency of your RAID.
Links

 

Affordable Home 4K Plex NAS Black Friday 2022 Deal – Synology DS220+

Plex Media series still continues to be one of the most popular reasons that many home users choose to make the jump into the world of NAS storage – with Black Friday all too often being the point that head to the checkout!  Plex Media Server gives users the ability to access, view and browse their existing multimedia collection with  the same level of graphical flare and services hat paid subscriptions services like Netflix and Disney+ include (Trailers, Cast information, media box art, reviews, etc). Plex is a little hungry as an application though and it can be tough to find a NAS drive that has the right amount of hardware to play 4K media, without breaking the bank. The Synology DS220+ arrives at an incredible affordably price point, yet (with a plex pass and concentrating on h.264 mEDIA AT UPTO 60Mb bitrate of 32Mb HEVC) it can still play ALOT of current multimedia! Add to this that the NAS is very low in power use and is a quite little 2 bay, and what you have is by far one of the best value 4K Plex NAS’ in the market.

The DS220+ will almost certainly see a refresh in 2023 towards a DS223+ NAS (with question marks about whether it will feature an Intel or AMD CPU – and even more questions on the whether it will have integrated graphics), the DS220+ is 100% going to be on offer at a number of retailers, as Synology begins to run down the stock of the 2020 gen, in favour of the 2023 generation. If you see the DS220+ at £250 o less this Black Friday, SNAP IT UP!

Synology DS220+ NAS

CPU: Intel J4025 2-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 2-6GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: No
Network Ports: 2x 1GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 1 x2
KVM: No
Network Upgrade: No
Synology DS220+ is a compact network-attached storage solution designed to streamline your data and multimedia management. It features smooth data sharing, video streaming, and photo indexing, as well as well-rounded data protection and recovery options. Video Station lets you easily manage and organize movies, TV shows, and home videos, and stream content to computers, smartphones, and media players. Organize your photos intelligently with Moments, a modern, AI-enabled photo management application that lets you effortlessly preserve your precious memories. Audio Station is your personal music center, designed to intelligently sort and organize your audio files, and stream to Google Cast enabled devices. Audio Station supports lossless formats to ensure pristine audio quality.
Links

 

BEST Budget/Value NAS Black Friday 2022 Deal – Synology DS220+j

If you HAVE decided to buy a NAS as a low key multimedia server for DLNA/uPnP streaming and/or low/2n tier backup server – then the incredibly affordable DS220j NAS will make ALOT of sense! It arrives at a fraction of the price of the more powerful Intel options mentioned above in the 2020 generation, but still has DSM on board, a quad-core 64bit ARM CPU and (although a little slower and needs a pinch more patience at times) is a really impressive, small scale NAS!

This is another NAS that is fully expected to see a 2023 refresh (largely down to the talk of a new Synology Value NAS with the Realtek RTD1619 CPU coming). So, be sure to look for this bargain on the week of Black Friday 2022!

 Synology DS220j NAS

CPU: Realtek RTD1296 4-Core ARM v8 64bit
Memory:Bays: 512MB
M.2 NVMe Bays: No
Network Ports: 1x1GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 1 x2
KVM: No
Network Upgrade: No
DS220j is an entry-level 2-bay NAS designed for home and personal users to store and share photos, videos, and documents. The private cloud solution is powered by the award-winning DiskStation Manager (DSM) OS, providing an intuitive user interface and safe data protection approaches for easy digital asset backups from computers and mobile devices at no additional cost.  Synology’s comprehensive multi-version backup solution protects your digital assets on computers (Windows/Mac) and mobile phones (Android/iOS) against malicious attacks, including the rising encryption-based ransomware threats. Storage management is easy with Synology Hybrid RAID (SHR) technology. SHR is an automated RAID management system that allows you to easily create and expand storage volumes and migrate RAID types without requiring details on the RAID setup. SHR provides 1-disk redundancy to safeguard your data in case of drive failures.
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BEST Surveillance NVR NAS Black Friday 2022 Deal – QNAP TS-453D

Arriving at a price point that is a pinch higher than some might expect (especially those weighing up between the TS-453D and TS-453Be), this serves as a more compact and affordable alternative to the TVS-473e and TVS-472XT. The TS-453D NAS is something that QNAP should be proud of. It is a great entry into their already impressive range of desktop NAS devices, finding an excellent balance between home and business users. If you are looking for a brand new ‘powerful on a budget’ NAS to consolidate your home media, Set up a Surveillance network, run virtual OS environments, sort through photo media, support your relatives as the ‘IT whizz’ of the family, or move your business away from Google Drives and DropBox’ onto something safer, more scalable and dependable – then the TS-453D has alot to offer you. It gives you a great base to start using the QTS platform, as well as a good means to upgrade your storage internally at a later date (expansions in memory to 8GB, expansions in storage with the TL & TR Series, expansion in NVMe, 10Gbe both in the QM2 range and more). When it comes to surveillance though, the fact the TS-453D has KVM support, is upgradable in about 5 different ways AND has 8 camera licences with QVR Pro, means that it is a fantastic Surveillance NAS indeed. Plus, now that you can upgrade AI services thanks to the m.2 connected $29 MTU upgrade card. As you can see from the graph below, pricing has been tremendously dynamic since the launch of the TS-464 and TS-453E NAS:

That said, If you are an existing TS-453Be or TS-453B owner, this might not seem like the jump you were waiting for. Likewise, the odd choice of PCIe Gen 2 x2 may present an internal bottleneck for some.

QNAP TS-453D NAS

CPU: Intel J4125 4-Core Celeron
Memory:Bays: 4-8GB
M.2 NVMe Bays: No
Network Ports: 2x 2.5GbE
USB: USB 3.2 Gen 1 x 3, USB 2.0 x2
KVM: Yes
Network Upgrade: Yes
The new-gen Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) trend has driven higher bandwidth demands for wired and wireless network connections. By integrating Intel® Celeron® J4125 quad-core 2.0 GHz processor and 2.5GbE connectivity, the TS-453D not only provides modern businesses an excellent NAS solution to upgrade to 2.5GbE environments for productive daily backup/restore tasks, but also provides gamers with ample storage for their vast game collections. Up to 5 Gbps transfer speeds can be made by setting port trunking with the two built-in 2.5GbE ports. The TS-453D also supports PCIe expansion, multi-cloud backup, cloud storage gateways, 4K HDMI output and real-time transcoding, alongside expandable storage capacity and feature-rich apps to perform as a cost-efficient, reliable 2.5GbE NAS.
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BEST Price Per Terabyte NAS Hard Drive Black Friday 2022 Deal – WD Red Plus 8TB

WD Red Plus 8TB NAS Hard Drive

Interface: SATA
Size: 3.5″
NAS Drive Scale:1-8 Bays
Recording Method: CMR/PMR
RPM: 7200RPM
Cache: 256MB
USP: NASware 3.0, 180TB Workload, Balancing and Vibration Protection
Warranty: 3yrs
Packed with power to handle the small- to medium-sized business NAS environments and increased workloads1 for SOHO customers, WD Red™ Plus is ideal for archiving and sharing, as well as RAID array rebuilding on systems using ZFS and other file systems. Built and tested for up to 8-bay NAS systems, these drives give you the flexibility, versatility, and confidence in storing and sharing your precious home and work files. Built for Optimum NAS Compatibility
WD Red™ Plus drives with NASware™ technology takes the guesswork out of selecting a drive. Optimized for NAS systems, our unique algorithm balances performance and reliability in NAS and RAID environments. Simply put, a WD Red™ Plus drive is one of the most compatible drives available for NAS enclosures. But don’t take our word for it. WD Red™ Plus drives are a reflection of extensive NAS partner technology engagement and compatibility-testing.
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BEST Large Scale / Business NAS Hard Drive Black Friday 2022 Deal – Seagate Ironwolf Pro 16TB

Seagate Ironwolf Pro 16TB NAS Hard Drive

Interface: SATA
Size: 3.5″
Recording Method: CMR/PMR
NAS Drive Scale:1-18 Bays
RPM: 7200RPM
Cache: 256MB
USP: 300TB Workload, Balancing and Vibration Protection, Data Recovery Services
Warranty: 5yrs
IronWolf® Pro drives are engineered to deliver 24×7 performance, reliability, and dependability in multi-bay, multi-user commercial and enterprise RAID storage solutions. Total peace of mind with five-year limited warranty, complimentary three-year Rescue Data Recovery Services, and IronWolf Health Management.
• Built with Agile Array firmware for RAID optimisation and 24×7 use.
• Rotational Vibration sensors on higher capacity drives to mitigate vibration in multi-bay applications.
• Iron Wolf Health Management is built into compatible NAS operating systems that monitors drive health.
• 300 TB/year workload rate for busy multi-user s allowing users to push more data through the hard drive and NAS.
• 5-year with 2-year data recovery service.
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