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Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS 2021 Part III – Backup Tools, Surveillance, Virtual Machines and Conclusion

11 juin 2021 à 16:00

Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS Software & Hardware Comparison

Welcome back to the final part of my Synology vs QNAP NAS comparison, where I go through the main differences between the two biggest brands in the world of NAS in 2021/2022. So far we have covered the brand’s rhetoric, the hardware, the graphical user interface (GUI), how they approach storage, mobile applications, multimedia sharing/streaming and desktop clients! In this final part, I will be moving into much more business-led subjects to compare the Synology DSM NAS systems and the QNAP QTS NAS devices and then conclude with which areas either brand excelled, failed or are identical. Both brands have a fantastic range of backup tools for home users to enjoy (with Synology Hyper Backup and QNAP Hybrid Backup Sync being the too most popular of course), but we are seeing a real emergence of cloud integration on either platform, as software as a service (SaaS) grows in viability – with either brand shouting loudly how they are the perfect bare-metal system to run parallel (bare metal = hardware server that is sync’d with your cloud services, among other things). So today I want to discuss their support of SaaS services, Virtual Machine self-hosting and migration from the likes of VMware and Hyper-V and a better look at Surveillance on each platform, AI-supported services and more. It is ALOT to pack into our final part before we conclude, so let’s get started.

LINK to PART I – The GUI, Control, Customization and Brand Focus

LINK to PART II – Storage Control, Mobile Apps and Multimedia

 

Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS Software – Backup Tools

This is an interesting area to compare the Synology DSM and QNAP QTS NAS Software and services, as although at a balance it looks like the two brands provide the same functionality, there are a few tiny differences that (if you are not aware) may annoy yours later. As touched on early, the Synology NAS platform arrives with Hyper Backup and Active Backup Suite, whereas QNAP arrives with Hybrid Backup Sync and Hyper Data Protector. BOTH Synology and QNAP across their respective two apps each provide support of:

  • Multi-site backups that can be scheduled, have filters applied, utilize deduplication and support NAS-to-Cloud/NAS/USB/Folder operations
  • Can Backup VMs from VMware and Hyper V and (in the right format) restore the VM image on the brand-specific VM app on either brand NAS
  • Support Version retention on regular bare metal backups and VM backups
  • Guide you through a 3-2-1 Backup System using 1st party resources and applications only
  • Supports numerous backup protocols/methods that include RSync, RTRR, Differential backups and TCP BBR

So, that just about covers 95% of traditional and most frequently asked backup methods. However, this is where the brand’s differing ideas of what users want/need step in. The Synology Backup applications are definitely the better looking of the two, with the Hyper Backup tool being the more chewable/easy one of the two, supporting quite a few cloud platforms (which obviously giving their own C2 service a decent bit of space – can’t blame them), and active Backup Suite ramps things up a bit for business, allowing a larger degree of business targets/sources to implemented. One particularly attractive feature of Synology Active Backup Suite is the Google Workspace and Office 365 addons that are license-free (ie provisionally free) that allow you to connect and sync your cloud software services with the NAS to act as a SaaS local syncing system (besides subscription costs and security, internet downtime is the biggest Achilles heel of Office 365/Google Workspace). This is available on QNAP too (with BoXafe) but requires additional license fees for cloud connections. To counter this, although both Synology and QNAP support inline deduplication, the QNAP ZFS based QuTS Hero platform provides it to a much better degree right now, with additional QuDeDupe software and inline compression too (with saving in data being visible analytically) and even handles encrypted backups better with localized client software that you can install on your business devices.

There are lots more that could be covered here (Synology Drive and its client apps, QSync Pro and its improved mobile client-to-NAS services, etc) but these are when we move into the subject of synchronization, file streaming and are less about backups and more about remote level access and synchronicity in your storage. Although the QNAP Software is still very good for numerous backup methods, ZFS and its file transmission benefits still shine and the support of more kinds of 1st/3rd party external storage and cloud are available – the Synology Backup tools and services are a tad better divided between home and business needs with which services are included in Hyper Backup and Active Backup Suite respectively.

Why Choose Synology NAS? – Active Backup Suite, Hyper Backup, Licence Free Office 365/Google Workspace Sync and Synology C2

Why Choose QNAP NAS? – Hybrid Backup Sync, Many More Cloud Services Supported and Hyper Data Protector has Better Retention Policies

 

Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS Software – Surveillance

Many users who are on the verge of buying a new NAS drive for home or business will often justify the purchase (to themselves or their finance manager) by factoring in that alongside the backup software safety, the multimedia streaming potential and potential saving versus long term cloud storage by ALSO considering using it as a Surveillance system. Both Synology and QNAP provide a genuine business class surveillance software package with their respective systems that allow you to utilize numerous IP Cameras, IP Speakers, network door locks and bring it all together with a single standalone security deck/feed that can be accessed locally over the network or remotely over the internet. Although both brands have done an incredible job with their respective software, over recent years we have seen a real divergence on how each brand has proceeded in their respective software. One very, VERY clear difference is that QNAP Surveillance gets spread across browser and local client app (windows, mac, phone, etc) less evenly, with adding cameras, extensively changing camera alert functions and customizing the setup being almost exclusively done in the web browser GUI but the local client allowing full camera access, PTZ control and actioning being almost exclusively on the client apps. Whereas Synology and Surveillance Station allow ALL of this to be done on the browser client and MOST of it to be possible on the desktop client app too. The Mobile client for QVR Pro and Surveillance station is a little more limited, but in terms of full software access,  think the Synology platform keeps it a little more even. Here is a breakdown of the main benefits/PROs of each surveillance NAS software:

PROS of Synology Surveillance

PROS of QNAP Surveillance

Considerably Better Browser Access & Controls

Beter 3rd Party Software integration with the Surveillance station API

Better Camera Feed Accessibility in the Browser & Clients

Fast Search Runs remarkably Smoothly

LiveCam converts a Mobile to Live NVR IP Camera Feed

Share Live Feeds to YouTube for Fast/Easy Sharing

 More Camera Licences (8x in QVR Pro)

Technically 3 Surveillance Platforms to Choose that vary in complexity

Better Client App Control and Analytics

Local KVM (Keyboard/Video/Mouse) Support

AI Surveillance services can be added on Integrated CPU NAS, Google TPU card or a GPU Card

USB Web Camera Support

CONS of Synology Surveillance

Only 2 Camera Licenses included

AI Surveillance Services are ONLY available on the DVA3221 NAS

Practically no KVM setup on Diskstaiton NAS systems

CONS of QNAP Surveillance

QVR Elite for QuTS Hero Only has 2x Licenses

Camera Feeds Cannot Natively be used and controlled by QVR Pro in the Browser

Bulk of AI Supported Services are Annual Subscription Fee-Based

Straight away, despite a rocky start, QNAP and QVR Pro grab a lot of the PROs back with their QTS QVR Pro version arriving with 8 Camera licenses (at the time of writing) which is massive compared with the 2x that Synology provides (bear in mind, a camera licence will cost between £30-50 depending on how big a multipack you buy). Likewise, the support of keyboard, video and mouse (thanks to QNAP NAS having HDMI on a large % of their systems) provides the means to interface with the system for surveillance if your network fails and the recordings are needed. Finally, a big, BIG appeal is that the AI-supported surveillance services that are growing in popularity in modern business class NVRs are available on QNAP NAS that has a decent enough embedded graphics CPU (i.e. an i3 and above), the google TPU M.2 Coral upgrade or a graphics card installed – whereas Synology has locked AI surveillance into ONLY two of their NAS systems that have a GPU card installed by default (and cost ALOT). These AI-supported services are pretty niche of course (facial recognition, people counting, zone management and object recognition) but still. many will find this hugely appealing. Here is my video breakdown comparing the two popular surveillance services for QNAP and Synology:

It is worth highlighting however that the AI-supported services on the QNAP QVR Platform are not technically ‘completely free’ and before you think that the Synology DVA3221 near £2K box is an overspend, it is worth highlighting that in order to use all the same AI-powered services on the QNAP NAS platform, you will need a NAS that either has a decent embedded CPU (starting at just over £1K for the QNAP TVS-472XT to start with) and/or a GPU card installed. Then you have to factor in the licences. Not just the camera licences (although both the DVA3221 and any QTS NAS have 8 camera licences for adding camera) but the license to use the AI services on the QVR Surveillance software. Somewhat annoyingly, QNAP has put each of the AI services (tracking faces, people recognition, AI recording analysis, Smart AI Door unlocking, etc) behind individual licenses that (for the most part) are all ‘annual’, so you will need to renew them (see below for current pricing and terms). This is quite a bitter pill to swallow in the long term and although the saving versus the Synology DVA system seems good at first, if you want to run a 4 Bay AI-Powered Surveillance system on the QNAP NAS system with 4-8 cameras, it ends up costing just as much (maybe even more once you factor in the annual fees) and only partially mitigated by the flexibility of the system you want to use.

Overall, it is pretty clear that QNAP gives the end-user ALOT in terms of surveillance for their money (although that licensing model structure gets a thumbs down from me), as well as allowing access to many modern AI CCTV services that Synology either choose to not pursue or only allow on a select few systems. Maybe you are reading this in the future and Synology have opened up this logic to allow ‘Synology supported GPU Cards’ to be installed, which would certainly give this comparison a different outcome, but there is no denying that the QVR Pro surveillance platform allows more flexibility in its setup. Alongside this, the QVR to software right now has a lot more camera licences included (though this drops to x2 on QVR Elite on the QuTS Hero platform – which though admittedly has higher performance on the local client integrated, is a bit of a shame) and many will end up seeing the potential savings being enough to overlook that Synology Surveillance station is the better Surveillance tool in terms of the GUI, supported service add ons and in how user-friendly it can be.

Why Choose Synology NAS? – Better Surveillance Software Overall, Especially in the Web Brower GUI

Why Choose QNAP NAS? – More Camera Licenses, QVR Pro has KVM Support, Wider AI Surveillance Support and Upgrade Options

 

Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS Software – Virtual Machines

It wasn’t such a long time ago that the use of virtual machines (VMs) was exclusively in the business sector. The ability and utility to create a virtual and remotely accessible version of a computer (giving you need a terminal in order to utilize them in most cases) was simply not of use to the average home or even small business user. However fast forward to 2021/2022 and you find that they have accelerated in popularity, thanks to businesses requiring centralized data storage for both the convenience of duplicating computers AND to simplifying the backup/restore process. Then you have the simple appeal for prosumer or small business users to be able to create an emulated version of their own computer in order to access it anywhere in the work, run test with software/updates that they are hesitant to run on their core system OR simply to allow them to create an accessible VM of an operating system that can be run parallel to that of the core hardware (i.e. a Linux/Unbuntu VM that runs in a window, on a Windows/Mac matching). Most high-end business users in recent years have used one of two popular 3rd party client TOOLS for this, VMware vSphere and Hyper V (with other smaller tools like VirtualBox popping up). Where a NAS can be integrated into this is actually pretty cool, such as:

  • A NAS can be used as a backup target (with versioning, snapshots, etc) for the virtual machine, so you have a local restorable copy
  • A NAS can be used to run the core VM files as a remote target, whilst still using the 3rd Party Software
  • A NAS can have the 3rd Party VM data sent over to it and then the NAS can host the Virtual Machine in its very own premium VM Software
  • A NAS Can combine all three of the above to create a backup access point to a VM (in supported formats and correctly imported) that allows remote accessing VM users, in the event of disconnection or forced restoration, to switch over to the NAS based VM and continue working

Now it is worth highlighting that BOTH Synology and QNAP have excellent VM hosting applications, in Virtual Machine Manager and Virtualization Station respectively, which perform all of the above services, however, they do it in slightly different ways (involving other applications in the system that are integrated) but for VMware/HyperV, the restoration is arguably handled smoother with the Synology Virtual Machine tool and Active Backup Suite tool working together to allowing exclusive integration with Synology Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) as the temporary disaster recovery solution allows you to instantly restore services to the Synology storage server even when the production environment is down. QNAP have very similar services to this, but not the same fast, easy and integrated pass-over system. For a better understanding of the GUI of Synology Virtual Machine Manager vs QNAP Virtualization Station, take a look at the video below:

There are several very unique and arguable superior elements to the QNAP VM software that are worth highlighting. First off there is access to a VM marketplace from within the app that allows you to install Virtual Machines directly on the QNAP NAS without having to obtain the VM Image/ISO independently. These include firewall and network management virtual images such as Pfsense, RouterOS and Zabbix, but there is also a 3-click Windows VM installation option too. This allows users who just want to try out a Windows 7/8/10/Server VM before committing fully to a NAS based VM environment for business/home use and includes a 90-day trial (you can use your existing windows registered key/login if you want. Alongside this, there is also the improved VM-to-Hardware integration available on Synology Virtual Machine Manager and QNAP Virtualization station that allows you to connect USB ports to a VM and allow that virtual desktop environment to access physical local USB devices, however, QNAP takes this a noticeable degree further with the support of PCIe-to-VM connectivity that allows you to connect a Graphics card (or other suitable PCIe to that VM architecture) and allow the virtual environment to scale up considerably (perhaps for video editing or gaming, if the CPU is appropriate). Then there is the flexibility of setup on the QNAP, with Virtualization Station supporting a KVM environment and QVM (QNAP Virtual Machine) to allow a NAS with connected Keyboard, HDMI Video monitor and Mouse to have a local VM that can ALSO be accessed remotely too. Finally, QNAP has a dedicated Ubuntu application that allows you to create VMs of version 18, 19 or 20 of Ubuntu (the free Linux alternative to Windows and MacOS) in around 3-4 clicks of the mouse! This is a very rare occasion in this Synology vs QNAP comparison where I can genuinely 100% say that QNAP spent much, much more time working on 1st party support and Synology keeping it a little more openly supported with 3rd parties – though, given the maturity of the likes of VMware, this is understandable. This is also demonstrated on the subject of container image and deployment (if a VM is an entire OS, then a Container is an application or program that is running without an OS to live on to off) where the QNAP platform has its own Container Station application and download center/marketplace and Synology use the industry popular Docker tool.

Synology’s Virtual Machine Manager is a fantastic tool and definitely one that has enterprise users in its sights! With that improved integration with existing enterprise VM software providers in the market, they have made a very clear decision that their free VM software still has a business feel, whereas QNAP has shaped their VM tool to something more accessible for all tiers (though lacking the snap cloud-to-local VM deployment – which is a real shame). Much like AI surveillance on the QNAP platform, a few of the biggest features of Synology Virtual Machine Manager are license/subscription fee-based (which is a shame, but understandable given the target demographic and its scope when FULLY deployed, these include:

Synology VMM

(Free)

Synology VMM Pro

(License Required)

Supported Operating System Windows, Linux, and Virtual DSM
Cluster Management Included Included
QoS Settings Included Included
CPU Overcommit Physical CPU threads x2 Physical CPU threads x4
Max Virtual Switches 4 4096
Max Snapshots per VM 32 255
VM Share Links per Host 1 16
Remote Replication Plan Not Included Included
Remote Storage Migration Not Included Included
Run VM on Remote Host Not Included Included
High Availability Not Included Included
Live Migration Not Included Included

Overall, it is going to be a case of whether you are coming into the subject of virtual machines as a completely fresh start, coming from a moderately experienced background or are looking for a system to integrate into your already well established VMware or Microsoft VM environment. QNAP and Virtualization station provides a huge array of self-hosted VM deployment options, connecting with numerous 3rd party download centers to easily pull a VM image onto their system, restore an existing VM image, convert VMs into QNAP supported images and then allows you to integrate a greater deal of hardware resources towards them (GPU card, KVM, etc). They are certainly supporting those bigger VM platforms out there and allow backups, snapshots, faster restoration and making big moves into that SaaS and reducing downtime practices that businesses want, but this is where the Synology Virtual Machine Manager tools shine. With a grander focus on those Hyper-V/VMware VSphere established systems and presenting themselves as a failure and support system, they make their integration a great deal easier for companies to choose. They still take a big advantage by allowing a VM live backup to be stitched over to Synology Virtual Machine Manager as a viable recovery and restoration option, which is likely going to be the clincher for many.

Why Choose Synology NAS? – Synology Virtual Machine Manager is VERY intuative, Cloud VM-to-Local VM Migration & Restoration

Why Choose QNAP NAS? – QNAP Virtualization Station supports more OS/Formats, 3 Click VM download & Install, Dedicated VM tools for different VM Images and has Better Hardware Configuration Options Overall

 

Synology DSM vs QNAP QTS NAS Software – Conclusion

It’s been a very, VERY long road but we can finally look just how Synology DSM and QNAP QTS for NAS (as well as all the hardware and services in between) compare. There has been a long-running theme all the way through that where Synology has focused on FIRST-PARTY (i.e. Synology-brand) software and hardware priority, then supporting THIRD-PARTY services/hardware when they haven’t got a viable alternative in-house – to mixed degrees of popularity. Whereas QNAP has been a much more level playing field where they have released their own innovative hardware/software (occasionally a little too quickly) and singing its praises, but also tried to keep customization and flexibility for 3rd parties as open as possible and shouting loud-and-proud about that too – which can be a tad overwhelming for the less tech-savvy. Both brands have done an incredible job evolve their platforms as much as they have in 2021/2022, especially when Microsoft, Google and Amazon are pouring BILLIONS into the SaaS (and PaaS and IaaS – Platform and Infrastructure as a Service) in order to create entirely streamable ecosystems for businesses, with NAS brands like Synology and QNAP not only integrating with them but also thriving alongside them as a local/bare-metal failsafe.

These are all very lofty ideas and ones that most home or small business users will likely have little time for right now (aside from where NAS fits in with their Google/Office 365 office tools like documents, email and spreadsheets at a pinch) and for those users, who the NAS stands on its own two feet is what is going to matter most. Synology is earning its position in the market as the complete 1st party software and hardware package in 2021/2022, with a genuinely groundbreaking range of available services, but still managing to make NAS accessible for all in DSM 6.2/7.0. That said, the trends we are seeing in those sub-enterprise services that are slowly receding in support of popular 3rd party hardware, software and services, making using a Synology NAS alongside your own existing setup in a frictionless way cannot be ignored and leading some to think Synology is shifting their industry position towards something higher.

QNAP NAS on the other hand, although maybe trying to cover too many bases at once, is still trying to cover as much as it can to appear to their audience. Their support of considerably more 3rd party platforms/software/services, even when they have their own software available, is certainly admirable and aside from rather aggressive pricing on their QVR Pro surveillance platform, are still the better choice for those who want a much more adaptable and customizable platform. Its a pretty understandable fact that most people who buy a NAS will be arriving with an existing collection of software in their daily workflow (Office 365 for docs, Gmail for their email, Plex for their media, Chromebook for their commute, Skype/Whatsapp for their communication, TB3 for their editing, etc) and it has to be said that QNAP keeps a more open platform to adapt a NAS into this mix than Synology – occasionally less intuitively and not without a little setup-friction, but certainly to more customizable results.

Unsurprisingly, I am going to tell you that both Synology and QNAP NAS are good NAS brands and have earned their place at the top of the industry (whilst both making their own respective moves to integrate into the next tier – ie SaaS providers, Hyperscale environments and Boundless cloud storage), but there is no denying that no one brand has managed to do EVERYTHING to perfection. So, if in double, below is how I would recommend QNAP and Synology NAS to you, for each user case scenario and I hope this guide and my recommendations help you with your next big data storage purchase.

 

Why Choose Synology NAS?

Better Surveillance Software

More Intuative and User-Friendly Design

EXCELLENT 1st Party Alternative Apps to Existing 3rd Party Tools

(including Synology Chat, Mail, Office, Drive, Calendar and more)

Greater Support/Migration with VMware & Hyper-V

Better Redundant System Options (SHA)

Greater Support on Amazon Home Hardware

Synology Hybrid RAID for flexibility in Media Upgrades

BTRFS on Most systems

Longer Warranty Available on More Systems

First Party SSD and HDDs Available

Typically Quieter Operation

If you are thinking of buying a Synology NAS, please use the links below

Why Choose QNAP NAS?

Better 1st Party/Hosting Virtual Machines

Better Plex Media Server NAS

More Adaptable and Customizable

Wider Support of Surveillance using AI Recognition

EXCELLENT KVM Support

More Camera Licenses

ZFS or EXT4 File System Choice on many systems now

2.5Gbe Network Interfaces at 1Gbe Cost

Allows NVMe SSD Storage Pools and Volumes

Support of QTier for intelligent Data storage for Access

Greater 1st and 3rd Party Hardware Upgrade Compatibility

(including Graphics Cards, WiFi 6 and Thunderbolt)

If you are thinking of buying a QNAP NAS, please use the links below

 

Need More Help Choosing Between Synology or QNAP NAS?

Choosing the right data storage solution for your needs can be very intimidating and it’s never too late to ask for help. With options ranging from NAS to DAS, Thunderbolt to SAS and connecting everything up so you can access all your lovely data at the touch of a button can be a lot simpler than you think. If you want some tips, guidance or help with everything from compatibility to suitability of a solution for you, why not drop me a message below and I will get back to you as soon as possible with what you should go for, its suitability and the best place to get it. This service is designed without profit in mind and in order to help you with your data storage needs, so I will try to answer your questions as soon as possible.


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VMware vSphere 7 Networking Policies configuration

11 juin 2021 à 14:51

VMware vSphere 7 has networking policies that can be applied to both vSphere Standard Switch (VSS) and vSphere Distributed Switch (VDS).

The post VMware vSphere 7 Networking Policies configuration first appeared on 4sysops.

Bulletin d’actualité du CERT-FR – 31/05/2021

Bulletin d’actualité du 31/05/2021 Nous voici de nouveau ensemble dans notre rendez-vous de fin de semaine pour revenir sur les différents bulletins de sécurité publiés par le CERT-FR ! Durant la période du 24 mai au 30 mai 2021, le CERT-FR (Centre gouvernemental de veille, d’alerte et de réponse aux attaques informatiques en France) a …

Configuration of vSphere 7 DRS affinity and anti-affinity rules

4 juin 2021 à 18:21

VMware vSphere 7 has a really good system for configuring different workloads and their requirements. You might have VMs that are meant to stay together on the same host, or you might have VMs that should not be executed on the same host. VMware calls this VM-to-VM affinity and anti-affinity rules. When studying to pass the VMware VCP-DCV exam, knowledge of affinity and anti-affinity rules is required.

The post Configuration of vSphere 7 DRS affinity and anti-affinity rules first appeared on 4sysops.

Comment installer MacOS dans VMWare ?

30 mai 2021 à 09:00
Par : Korben

Si vous êtes sous Windows ou Linux et que vous souhaitez goûter au grand frisson d’Apple en expérimentant macOS dans une machine virtuelle, vous êtes au bon endroit. Disposer d’une VM avec macOS peut être très pratique quand on est développeur et qu’on veut tester son application sur le système d’exploitation de la pomme. C’est aussi sympa pour tous les bidouilleurs et les curieux qui veulent tester macOS sans avoir de Mac à la maison.

Alors, comment faire ? Et bien si vous êtes team Virtualbox, j’ai publié il y a quelques mois un super tuto expliquant comment mettre Mojave, Catalina ou encore Big Sur dessus et en profiter sur votre ordi de tous les jours. Si vous êtes team KVM, même chose avec ce tutoriel de virtualisation de macOS.

Et pour les aficionados de VMWare, malheureusement, c’est comme votre statut Facebook : C’est compliqué.

Toutefois, le développeur Paolo a mis au point un outil baptisé Auto-Unlocker qui permet de patcher VMWare Workstation 11 à 15 mais également VMWare Player 7 à 15 pour permettre l’installation de macOS Big Sur et son lancement. Auto-Unlocker 3 patche vmware-vmx afin de permettre à macOS de booter et vmwarebase.dll ou vmwarebase.so ce qui permet la sélection de l’OS d’Apple lors de la création d’une nouvelle VM. Et le patch permet aussi de télécharger les derniers VMWare Tools pour macOS.

Pratique !

Auto-Unlocker est téléchargeable ici pour Windows et Linux. Pour Windows, vous double cliquez simplement dessus. Et pour Linux, une fois le paquet installé, il faut lancer l’utilitaire en ligne de commande via un terminal comme ceci :

auto-unlocker --install

Et pour enlever les patchs en cas de souci :

auto-unlocker --uninstall

Et pour télécharger les VMWare Tools :

auto-unlocker --download-tools

Merci à Lorenper pour l’info.

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Comment installer les VMware Tools sur Debian 10 ?

28 mai 2021 à 10:45

I. Présentation

Lorsque l'on déploie une machine virtuelle sur un environnement VMware, il convient d'installer les VMware Tools au sein de la machine virtuelle, qu'elle tourne sous Windows ou Linux. Dans ce tutoriel, je vais prendre une machine virtuelle sous Debian 10, sur un ESX de VMware, et vous expliquer comment installer les VMware Tools en ligne de commande. La procédure est similaire sur d'autres distributions Linux.

L'installation des VMware Tools est importante pour bénéficier de certaines fonctionnalités, mais aussi pour optimiser les interactions entre la machine virtuelle et l'hyperviseur VMware. Que ce soit un serveur VMware ESX ou simplement VMware Workstation / Player.

  • Synchronisation de l'heure entre l'hyperviseur et la VM
  • Éteindre proprement la VM directement à partir de l'hyperviseur
  • Glisser-déposer et Copier-coller entre la VM et l'hôte physique (dans le cas d'une installation en mode graphique de Debian)
  • Etc.

Nous verrons dans ce tutoriel qu'il y a deux façons d'installer les outils VMware dans une VM Linux : VMware Tools ou Open-VM Tools.

II. Installer les VMware Tools sous Debian

A. Monter les sources VMware Tools dans la VM

Dans le système d'exploitation invité, nous devons monter le "CD" qui contient les sources d'installation des VMware Tools. Pour cela, effectuez un clic droit sur la VM, puis : SE invité > Installer VMware Tools.

La suite de l'installation s'effectue en ligne de commande sur le serveur : soit en console directement, soit au travers d'une connexion SSH.

B. Réaliser l'installation des VMware Tools

On va devoir monter notre CD d'installation sur la machine, ce qui nécessite de créer un point de montage. Pour les commandes à venir, je pars du principe que je suis connecté avec un compte "root" sur la machine, mais sinon ajoutez "sudo" devant les commandes.

mkdir /mnt/cdrom

Maintenant que le point de montage "cdrom" est créé,  on va lui associer le périphérique "cdrom", comme ceci :

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

Vous devriez obtenir le retour suivant dans la console :

mount: /mnt/cdrom: Attention: périphérique protégé en écriture, monté en lecture seule.

À partir de ce moment-là, le contenu des VMware Tools est accessible dans le dossier "/mnt/cdrom". Maintenant, on va se positionner dans le dossier "/tmp" pour extraire à cet emplacement le contenu de l'archive TAR.GZ correspondante aux VMware Tools.

cd /tmp

Ensuite, avec la commande "tar" on va décompresser le contenu du fichier "VMwareTools-10.3.22-15902021.tar.gz". Attention, le nom du fichier peut varier en fonction de la version de votre hyperviseur VMware.

tar xzpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-10.3.22-15902021.tar.gz

Sinon, on peut utiliser la commande suivante qui fonctionnera peu importe la version grâce au wildcard :

tar xzpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-*.tar.gz

Les sources d'installation sont désormais copiées en local sur notre machine virtuelle : on peut démonter le point de montage "/mnt/cdrom" car nous n'avons plus besoin du CD.

umount /mnt/cdrom

Il ne reste plus qu'à exécuter le script Perl d'installation. Il se situe dans le dossier "vmware-tools-distrib", ce dernier étant lui-même dans "/tmp" (dossier dans lequel nous sommes actuellement).

cd vmware-tools-distrib

Une fois dans le dossier, exécutez le script d'installation :

./vmware-install.pl

Validez l'installation en indiquant "yes" et appuyez sur "Entrée". Nous reviendrons en fin d'article sur le message qui s'affiche au sujet du paquet "open-vm-tools".

VMware Tools Debian 10

Ensuite, il y a une série de questions : dans la majorité des cas, appuyez simplement sur "Entrée" pour valider, sauf si vous souhaitez répondre autre chose que la valeur par défaut. Il n'est pas nécessaire d'activer toutes les fonctionnalités proposées par les VMware Tools.

L'installation doit s'effectuer sans encombre sur votre machine ?

C. Supprimer les sources

Pour finir le travail, nous allons supprimer le dossier avec les sources des VMware Tools :

rm vmware-tools-distrib/ -Rf

Terminez par un redémarrage de votre machine pour finaliser l'installation.

IV. L'installation avec Open-VM Tools

Open-VM Tools (OVT), c'est l'équivalent des VMware Tools, mais sous licence open source, supportée par VMware. Il s'agit d'une alternative stable qui offrira les mêmes fonctionnalités, mais son fonctionnement est différent, notamment pour les mises à jour.

Pour mettre à jour les VMware Tools, il faut passer par l'hyperviseur directement comme nous avons pu le voir, et on peut gérer les mises à jour avec vSphere Update Manager. En comparaison, pour mettre à jour Open-VM Tools, il faut mettre à jour le paquet dans la VM directement : comme n'importe quel autre paquet.

L'installation est très simple puisque ce paquet est disponible dans les dépôts officiels de Debian (et d'autres distributions). Il suffit d'exécuter la commande suivante :

apt-get install open-vm-tools

Dans le cas où vous utilisez un système avec une interface graphique, utilisez plutôt cette commande pour installer un paquet supplémentaire :

apt-get install open-vm-tools open-vm-tools-desktop

Ensuite, on peut vérifier la version installée sur la machine avec la commande suivante :

/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd -v

Par exemple :

10.3.22.561 (build-15902021)

N'oubliez pas de redémarrer à la fin de l'installation, comme avec les VMware Tools officielles.

The post Comment installer les VMware Tools sur Debian 10 ? first appeared on IT-Connect.

VMware ESXi 7 boot options

21 mai 2021 à 18:25

There are many ways to boot an ESXi 7 host from different media or from a network. The topic of boot options for VMware ESXi is one that you need to master in order to pass the datacenter certification exam. In this post, we can cover only the fundamentals.

The post VMware ESXi 7 boot options first appeared on 4sysops.

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The post VMware vSphere 7 performance and monitoring tools first appeared on 4sysops.

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VMware vSphere GuestStore is a new feature that provides a centralized repository for VMware Tools upgrades and VMware agents. What is GuestStore, and how is it configured?

The post vSphere GuestStore: Deploy VMware Tools, config files, and agents to VMs first appeared on 4sysops.

How to configure and manage vSphere 7 alarms

30 avril 2021 à 15:29

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The post How to configure and manage vSphere 7 alarms first appeared on 4sysops.

vSphere 7 and the Enterprise PKI role for SSL certificates and certificate management

23 avril 2021 à 15:56

For several versions of vSphere, certificate management has seemed easier than in previous versions; certificate management in vSphere 7 is done via vCenter Server. In general, certificates are used for encryption of communication, authentication of vSphere services, or internal actions, such as signing tokens.

The post vSphere 7 and the Enterprise PKI role for SSL certificates and certificate management first appeared on 4sysops.

New Confidential vSphere Pods in vSphere with Tanzu

20 avril 2021 à 18:23

New with VMware vSphere 7.0 Update 2, a feature called Confidential vSphere Pods allows customers to secure CPU registers and memory of the guest operating system from the hypervisor. How does it work?

The post New Confidential vSphere Pods in vSphere with Tanzu first appeared on 4sysops.

VMware vSphere 7 resource pool configuration and examples

16 avril 2021 à 21:33

vSphere 7 resource pools are an integral part of clustered environments. They allow you to create different compartments within your cluster and delegate control over a cluster's resources.

The post VMware vSphere 7 resource pool configuration and examples first appeared on 4sysops.

vSphere 7.0 Update 2 storage improvements

12 avril 2021 à 17:22

VMware vSphere 7.0 Update 2 provides excellent new storage capabilities and features. This includes traditional storage technologies with iSCSI and vVOLs as well as new vSAN storage capabilities.

The post vSphere 7.0 Update 2 storage improvements first appeared on 4sysops.

vSphere 7 and the configuration of storage cluster options

9 avril 2021 à 17:36

VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) is a VMware feature that optimizes the performance and resources of your vSphere cluster. Storage DRS was introduced in vSphere several releases ago, and it is still a key feature of vSphere 7.

The post vSphere 7 and the configuration of storage cluster options first appeared on 4sysops.

VMware ESXi : Ajouter VMware tools sur pfSense ?

Hey ! Bonjour à toutes et tous ! Aujourd’hui, nous allons de nouveau parler des VMware Tools pour une machine virtuelle qui accueillerait la solution pfSense ! Introduction Oui, je sais ce que vous vous dites au fond de vous : Mais il nous a déjà parlé des VMware Tools pour une machine virtuelle sous …
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